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Franz Xaver Winterhalter

(1805-1873), Painter

Sitter in 3 portraits
Artist associated with 68 portraits
A German painter and lithographer known for his portraits of royalty. Trained in Freiburg im Breisgau and Munich, Germany, he entered court circles in 1828 when he became drawing master to Sophie, later grand duchess of Baden, at Karlsruhe. After 1834, he went to Paris and quickly became fashionable under the protection of King Louis-Philippe and later at the court of Napoleon III. He was first summoned to the English court by Queen Victoria in 1841. During his career, he painted most of Europe's royalty and leading aristocracy. Winterhalter's works, which became widely known through copies and reproductions, are valued for the picture they give of aristocratic Europe in the nineteenth century.

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Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, reduced version by Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG 2554

Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn

reduced version by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
oil on canvas, circa 1857
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2554

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, replica by Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG 237

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

replica by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
oil on canvas, 1867, based on a work of 1859
On display in Room 15 on Floor 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 237

Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG Ax38446

Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia

after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
albumen carte-de-visite, (1857)
NPG Ax38446

Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia, by Émile Desmaisons, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG x134669

Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia

by Émile Desmaisons, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
albumen carte-de-visite, (1857)
NPG x134669

Eugénie, Empress of France, by Goupil & Co, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG x134670

Eugénie, Empress of France

by Goupil & Co, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
albumen carte-de-visite, (1857)
NPG x134670

King Edward VII, by Bassano Ltd, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG x122466

King Edward VII

by Bassano Ltd, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
whole-plate glass negative, 20 April 1923
NPG x122466

King Edward VII, by Bassano Ltd, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG x122467

King Edward VII

by Bassano Ltd, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
whole-plate glass negative, 20 April 1923
NPG x122467

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess de Nemours, by Richard James Lane, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D21984

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess de Nemours

by Richard James Lane, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1841 (1840)
NPG D21984

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess de Nemours, by Richard James Lane, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D22148

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess de Nemours

by Richard James Lane, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1841 (1840)
NPG D22148

Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia, by Alphonse Léon Noël, printed by  Lemercier Bernard et Cie, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D31860

Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia

by Alphonse Léon Noël, printed by Lemercier Bernard et Cie, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1842
NPG D31860

King Edward VII, by Alphonse Léon Noël, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33832

King Edward VII

by Alphonse Léon Noël, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1844 (1843)
NPG D33832

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, by Skelton and Hopwood, published by  Longmans & Co, published by  Goupil & Vibert, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33756

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

by Skelton and Hopwood, published by Longmans & Co, published by Goupil & Vibert, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
mixed-method engraving, (1845)
NPG D33756

Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse, by Charles Baugniet, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33819

Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse

by Charles Baugniet, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1845
NPG D33819

King Edward VII, by Alphonse Léon Noël, published by  Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33830

King Edward VII

by Alphonse Léon Noël, published by Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, published 1 January 1845 (1843)
NPG D33830

King Edward VII, by Alphonse Léon Noël, published by  Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, and published by  Goupil & Vibert, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33831

King Edward VII

by Alphonse Léon Noël, published by Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, and published by Goupil & Vibert, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, published 1 January 1845 (1843)
NPG D33831

Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, by Alphonse Léon Noël, printed by  Lemercier, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D31861

Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

by Alphonse Léon Noël, printed by Lemercier, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, 1846
NPG D31861

Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck, by Richard James Lane, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D22117

Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck

by Richard James Lane, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, (1846)
NPG D22117

Queen Victoria, by Thomas Fairland, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33578

Queen Victoria

by Thomas Fairland, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
lithograph, (1847)
NPG D33578

Queen Victoria, by François Forster, published by  Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D35047

Queen Victoria

by François Forster, published by Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
line engraving, published 1 May 1847
NPG D35047

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, by Louis Aristide, published by  Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after  Franz Xaver Winterhalter - NPG D33754

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

by Louis Aristide, published by Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
line engraving, published 1848
NPG D33754

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