James Arthur Baldwin(1924-1987), Writer and critic
Sitter in 1 portrait
Born in Harlem, Baldwin was brought up in New York by his mother and his stepfather, a church minister. At the age of thirteen he wrote Harlem - Then and Now, his first article for the school's magazine. On his nineteenth birthday he attended his stepfather's funeral and witnessed the Harlem race riots of 1943, which were to feature in his essay Notes of a Native Son. His works include Remember This House, which was adapted for cinema as the Academy Award-nominated documentary film I Am Not Your Negro. Many of Baldwin's fictional works, including his second novel, Giovanni's Room (1956), daringly explored personal questions and dilemmas concerning race, sexual orientation, class and integration making him an important and influential voice in American literature.