Albert Schweitzer(1875-1965), Physician, musician and philosopher
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Born in Alsace, Schweitzer studied at the universities of Strasbourg, Berlin and the Sorbonne. He was a doctor of philosophy (1899), theology (1900) and medicine (1913), whose work is of international significance. His influential books include The Quest for the Historical Jesus (trans. 1910), which entered the heart of British theological debate. A world-renowned organist, his biography of Bach (1908) revived interest in the composer. He is best known for founding the mission hospital at Lambaréné, providing medical aid to thousands. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952. In 1955, he became one of few foreign nationals, alongside Nelson Mandela and Mother Theresa, to be awarded the Order of Merit.