Isma'il Pasha(1830-1895), Khedive of Egypt and Sudan
Sitter in 1 portrait
Son of Ibrahim Pasha of Albanian descent, Ismail born in Cairo, the second son of three. Educated in Paris, he returned home after the death of his elder brother. After the death of his uncle Said I, Isma'il was proclaimed Khedive on 19 January 1863. Known as 'Ismail the Magnificent', he was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan (1863-1879). He shared the vision of his grandfather, Muhammed Ali Pasha, greatly modernizing and reforming Egypt and Sudan during his reign. He was responsible for establishing an assembly of delegates in November 1866. Initially an advisory board, they came to impart important influence on governmental matters. Ismail also tried to discourage and reduce slave trading. However Isma'il's policies and the costly war with Ethiopia, placed the Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan in substantial debt to Europe resulting in the sale of the country's shares in the Suez Canal Company to the United Kingdom and his removal from power by the British.