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Ahmad Pasha al-Jazzar ('Jazzar or Djezzar Pasha')

(circa 1720s-1804), Governor in the Ottoman Empire

Sitter associated with 2 portraits
Born to a poor family in Herzegovina it is uncertain if he was a Muslim by birth or whether he later adopted Islam. He left Bosnia for Turkey in his teens and pursued a military career in Egypt under the service of Abdullah Bey. In Egypt he learnt to speak Arabic fluently. From 1785, al-Jazzar served as governor of Damascus gaining increased power and influence over his four terms. He is said to have avenged Abdullah's Bey's death by Bedouins by luring and slaughtering about 70 tribesmen. This earned him the name 'Al-Jazzar' meaning 'The Butcher' in Arabic. In 1799, al-Jazzar with the assistance of the British navy defended Acre from Napoleon forcing him to withdraw from Palestine. His successful defence of Acre made him popular in Europe.

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Sir Sidney Smith; possibly Ahmad Pasha al-Jazzar ('Jazzar or Djezzar Pasha') and two unknown men, by and published by Anthony Cardon, after  John Eckstein - NPG D41786

Sir Sidney Smith; possibly Ahmad Pasha al-Jazzar ('Jazzar or Djezzar Pasha') and two unknown men

by and published by Anthony Cardon, after John Eckstein
stipple engraving, published 1 January 1808 (1801-1802)
NPG D41786

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