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Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres Mendieta, Conde de Romanones

(1863-1950), Prime Minister of Spain and historian

Sitter in 3 portraits
Born in Madrid in 1863, he was the second son of Ignacio de Figueroa Mendieta and Ana de Torres Romo, marquises of Villamejor, wealthy landowners. Graduating in law from the Central University of Madrid in 1884, he obtained a doctorate from the University of Bologna. He never practised law, instead becoming a Spanish politician and businessman. He was the Prime Minister of Spain three times between 1912 and 1918, president of the Senate and was a minister seventeen times. He was made Count of Romanones in 1893 and Grandee of Spain in 1911. A prolific writer, he wrote his memoirs during the Second Republic and was the author of a number of biographies as well as political works and essays.

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