John Claudius Loudon(1783-1843), Landscape gardener
Sitter in 2 portraits
The garden designer John Claudius Loudon was a staunch advocate of the nineteenth-century return to formality in garden design. His highly-structured 'Gardenesque' style separated the garden from the landscape. Individual plants were displayed in defined beds to highlight the garden's artifice. Compared to his predecessors, Loudon was less favoured by the aristocracy. He worked instead in new municipal spaces such as city parks, cemeteries and town gardens that catered for the tastes of the expanding urban middle class. He also wrote books on gardening and edited a gardening periodical. His descriptions of eighteenth-century gardens brought them to a new metropolitan readership.