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John Wyclif (Wycliffe)

(1324?-1384), Religious reformer and theologian

Sitter associated with 21 portraits
John Wyclif was a fourteenth-century scholar, translator and teacher, whose followers undertook the first complete translation of the Bible into English. Personal access to religious texts in the vernacular was central to the arguments for religious reform and as a result Wyclif was hailed in the sixteenth century as ‘the morning star of the Reformation’. Many of Wyclif’s teachings were considered heretical by the Catholic Church, and in 1428 the pope ordered that Wyclif’s bones should be dug up, burned, and scattered in the river Swift.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Taking up the body of John Wycliffe, after Unknown artist - NPG D42326

Taking up the body of John Wycliffe

after Unknown artist
woodcut, published 1563 or after
On display in the Room 3 wallcase at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D42326

John Wyclif, after Unknown artist - NPG D24011

John Wyclif

after Unknown artist
woodcut, 17th century
NPG D24011

John Wyclif, after Hendrik Hondius (Hond) - NPG D24010

John Wyclif

after Hendrik Hondius (Hond)
line engraving, after 1602
NPG D24010

Fictitious portrait called John Wyclif, by Hendrik Hondius (Hond) - NPG D42320

Fictitious portrait called John Wyclif

by Hendrik Hondius (Hond)
line engraving, circa 1602
NPG D42320

John Wyclif, after Hendrik Hondius (Hond) - NPG D42321

John Wyclif

after Hendrik Hondius (Hond)
line engraving, circa 1650
NPG D42321

John Wyclif, by Klemens Ammon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42324

John Wyclif

by Klemens Ammon, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1650
NPG D42324

John Wyclif, by Klemens Ammon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42325

John Wyclif

by Klemens Ammon, after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1650
NPG D42325

John Wyclif, by Thomas Trotter - NPG D24008

John Wyclif

by Thomas Trotter
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D24008

John Wyclif, by Gaspar Bouttats, after  Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen - NPG D42323

John Wyclif

by Gaspar Bouttats, after Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D42323

John Wyclif, by Gaspar Bouttats, after  Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen - NPG D42322

John Wyclif

by Gaspar Bouttats, after Hendrik-Frans Verbruggen
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D42322

The Reformation, by Unknown artist - NPG D23051

The Reformation

by Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1683
NPG D23051

The Reformation, by Unknown artist - NPG D43263

The Reformation

by Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1683
NPG D43263

John Wyclif, after Unknown artist - NPG D24009

John Wyclif

after Unknown artist
line engraving, perhaps 18th century
NPG D24009

Fictitious portrait called John Wyclif, by Unknown artist - NPG D11470

Fictitious portrait called John Wyclif

by Unknown artist
line engraving, probably 18th century
NPG D11470

Fictitious portrait called John Wyclif, by and published by John Faber Sr - NPG D4918

Fictitious portrait called John Wyclif

by and published by John Faber Sr
mezzotint, 1714
NPG D4918

John Wyclif, by Richard Houston - NPG D24006

John Wyclif

by Richard Houston
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D24006

The Primitive Reformers, by Unknown artist - NPG D42454

The Primitive Reformers

by Unknown artist
etching, published 1769
NPG D42454

Media

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