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Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

(1823-1914), Politician; Home Secretary

Sitter in 28 portraits
Cross was called to the Bar in 1849 and entered Parliament as a Conservative MP in 1857. Appointed Home Secretary (1872-80) by Disraeli, Cross played a large part in the social reforms of the time. In 1875 he brought in The Cross Act, empowering municipalities to buy and demolish slums and to build housing for rental; the Factory Act, regulating the employment of women and children in textile mills; the Public Health Act, a comprehensive sanitary code; and two statutes reinterpreting Gladstone's trade-union legislation. Cross returned to office 1885-86, but was given the lighter duty of Secretary for India, (1886-92). A close friend of the Queen, he was an able and popular parliamentarian and administrator.

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Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG Ax39855

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen carte-de-visite, after 1873
NPG Ax39855

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Lock & Whitfield, published by  Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington - NPG Ax17585

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Lock & Whitfield, published by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington
woodburytype, published 1880
NPG Ax17585

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Lock & Whitfield - NPG x7048

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Lock & Whitfield
woodburytype, 1880 or before
NPG x7048

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Fradelle & Young - NPG Ax15931

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Fradelle & Young
carbon print, circa 1880; published before 1895
NPG Ax15931

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG x17083

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen cabinet card, 1880s-1900s
NPG x17083

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG Ax18282

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
albumen carte-de-visite, 1881
NPG Ax18282

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company - NPG Ax27782

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company
woodburytype, published 1881
NPG Ax27782

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Unknown photographer - NPG x196257

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, circa 1881
NPG x196257

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96573

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1883
NPG x96573

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96574

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1883
NPG x96574

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96575

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1883
NPG x96575

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96576

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1883
NPG x96576

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Alexander Bassano - NPG x96577

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass negative, 1883
NPG x96577

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Walery, published by  Sampson Low & Co - NPG Ax38328

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Walery, published by Sampson Low & Co
carbon print, published June 1890
NPG Ax38328

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by York & Son, after  Unknown photographer - NPG x3633

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by York & Son, after Unknown photographer
glass lantern slide, 1890s
NPG x3633

Various politicians and others, by and after Elliott & Fry - NPG Ax139904

Various politicians and others

by and after Elliott & Fry
bromide print, 1890s
NPG Ax139904

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by James Russell & Sons - NPG x7049

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by James Russell & Sons
carbon print, published 20 June 1891
NPG x7049

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross, by Faustin Betbeder ('Faustin') - NPG D23044

Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross

by Faustin Betbeder ('Faustin')
chromolithograph, 1874
NPG D23044

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