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Toussaint L'Ouverture

(1746-1803), West Indian leader; Governor of Saint Domingue

François-Domenica Bréda (Toussaint L'Ouverture)

Sitter in 3 portraits
Bréda, also known as Toussaint L'Ouverture, was born into slavery in the French colony of Saint Domingue. As a personal servant, he was encouraged to learn to read and write by his master, becoming a freed slave by the age of 33. L'Ouverture was one of the main leaders of the slave revolt known as the Haitian Revolution. Slavery was eventually abolished throughout the French territories after which he joined the French army. He became a Governor ruling over Saint Domingue until Napoléon Bonaparte gave orders to his brother-in-law, Charles Leclerc, to re-establish French authority and slavery. L'Ouverture was arrested, deported and imprisoned in the Fort de Joux in France where he later died.

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Toussaint L'Ouverture, by Nicolas Eustache Maurin, printed by  François Séraphin Delpech - NPG D8211

Toussaint L'Ouverture

by Nicolas Eustache Maurin, printed by François Séraphin Delpech
lithograph, early 19th century
NPG D8211

Toussaint L'Ouverture, by François Bonneville, after  Unknown artist - NPG D8212

Toussaint L'Ouverture

by François Bonneville, after Unknown artist
etching and aquatint, early 19th century
NPG D8212

Web image not currently available

Toussaint L'Ouverture

by J. Barry, published by James Cundee, after M. Rainsford
line engraving, published circa 1800-1825
NPG D15719

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