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Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre

(1758-1794), French lawyer and politician

Sitter in 4 portraits
Politician during the French Revolution. Robespierre was elected to the National Assembly of 1789-91. His defence of democratic principles made him popular, while his impartiality won him the nickname of 'the Incorruptible'. As leader of the Jacobins in the National Convention, he supported the execution of Louis XVI in 1793 and was elected to the revolutionary Committee of Public Safety in the same year. His zeal for social reform and attacks on the excesses of extremists made him enemies on both right and left. In 1794 he was overthrown and executed.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 7', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12930

'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 7'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 29 September 1809
NPG D12930

Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre, by John James Hinchcliff, after  Denis Auguste Marie Raffet - NPG D13754

Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre

by John James Hinchcliff, after Denis Auguste Marie Raffet
line engraving, before 1861
NPG D13754

Web image not currently available

Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre

by Tony Goutière, published by Furne
line engraving, circa 1860-1890
NPG D15454

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