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Tipu, Sultan of Mysore

(1750-1799), Ruler of Mysore

Sitter in 4 portraits
Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore who resisted British imperialism and fought against British colonialism. Tipu Sultan was a progressive ruler who is credited with introducing coinage, a new Mauludi lunisolar calendar and a new land tax system which helped to boost growth of the Mysore silk industry. He commissioned the Fathul Mujahidin military manual and is considered a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery which he deployed against advances of British forces and their allies during the Anglo-Mysore Wars, most notably at the Siege of Seringapatam. His conflicts with his neighbours and aggressions against Hindus, Christians and Mappla Muslims have made him one of the most controversial figures in South Indian history.

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'The coming-on of the monsoons; - or - the retreat from Seringapatam', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13008

'The coming-on of the monsoons; - or - the retreat from Seringapatam'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 December 1791
NPG D13008

Tipu, Sultan of Mysore ('Tippoo Sultaun'), by William Ridley, published by  John Sewell - NPG D45784

Tipu, Sultan of Mysore ('Tippoo Sultaun')

by William Ridley, published by John Sewell
stipple engraving, published 1 July 1800
NPG D45784

Tipu, Sultan of Mysore, by Robert Laurie - NPG D20141

Tipu, Sultan of Mysore

by Robert Laurie
mezzotint, circa 1800-1825
NPG D20141

Web image not currently available

General Sir David Baird Discovering the Body of the Sultaun Tippoo Saib

by John Burnet, published by Sir Francis Graham Moon, 1st Bt, after Sir David Wilkie
mezzotint, published 1 May 1843
NPG D49393


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