(Archibald) Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway(1888-1988), Politician and campaigner
Sitter in 8 portraits
Born in Calcutta, Fenner Brockway was the son of a missionary. He became a journalist and by 1912 was editor of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) newspaper, the Labour Leader. He became a militant pacifist and a prominent opponent of conscription. During World War I he was sentenced to jail four times, enduring hard labour and solitary confinement. In 1929 he was elected Labour MP for East Leyton, but lost his seat in 1931. He and the ILP disaffiliated themselves from the Labour Party the following year. Brockway was active in many anti-colonial movements and advocated Indian independence. He returned to parliament in 1950 and, from 1956, made nine attempt to outlaw racial discrimination. All were defeated. With Bertrand Russell, he was one of the founders of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. He accepted a life peerage in 1964.