Dame Harriette Chick(1875-1977), Biochemist
Sitter in 1 portrait
Chick's major discovery was the nutritional origins of diseases and the use of vitamins and light for their treatment. Awarded a place to study at the Institute for Hygiene in Vienna, Chick's research included methods of measuring disinfectants and the nature of proteins. In 1905, despite strong resistance, the Lister Institute of Preventative Medicine changed it's 'men only' admission policy so that Chick was permitted to study. After 1913, her research became framed by the outbreak of World War I, looking at treatments for diseases affecting troops including typhoid and scurvy. Studying children in post-war Vienna, she discovered that cod liver oil and ultra violet light effectively treated rickets. In 1922 she became director of the division of nutrition at Lister, appointed CBE in 1932 and DBE in 1949.