Nelson Mandela(1918-2013), President of South Africa; President of the African National Congress
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Sitter in 3 portraits
Former leader of the African National Congress, Nelson Mandela 'Madiba' was the first president of South Africa to be elected in fully representative democratic elections. A member of the ANC from 1944, he was imprisoned from 1964-1990 for his involvement in the armed resistance to apartheid. During this time Mandela became an international symbol for freedom, human rights and racial equality. His period of presidency (1994-1999) saw the reconciliation of black and white South Africans, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (with F. W. de Klerk) in 1993. Since retiring, his primary commitment was the fight against AIDS, and social injustices which led to the formation of the Nelson Mandela Foundation, created in 1999.