John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset(1404-1444), Magnate and soldier
Sitter in 2 portraits
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, was an English noble and military commander. He was the second son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and succeeded his elder brother Henry to become the 3rd Earl of Somerset in 1418. Beaufort fought in Henry V's 1419 campaigns in France. In 1421, he accompanied the king's younger brother Thomas of Lancaster to the fighting in Anjou. Thomas was killed at the Battle of Baugé and Somerset was captured. He remained imprisoned for seventeen years, and after being ransomed, became one of the leading English commanders in France. In 1443, he was created Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal.