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Edwin Stephen Goodrich

(1868-1946), Zoologist

Sitter in 3 portraits

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Edwin Stephen Goodrich, by Walter Stoneman - NPG x167870

Edwin Stephen Goodrich

by Walter Stoneman
bromide print, 1931
NPG x167870

Web image not currently available

Edwin Stephen Goodrich

by Lafayette
half-plate nitrate negative, 1 September 1928
NPG x42713

Web image not currently available

Edwin Stephen Goodrich

by Walter Stoneman
half-plate glass copy negative, June 1945 (1931)
NPG x187277


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Carolyn Bigler Hebert

31 May 2018, 00:01

Prof. Stephen Goodrich was a zoologist. He paved new roads in the field of science. I did research on him per the request of the Goodrich Family Association. I am a descendent of Ensign William Goodrich as was Prof. Stephen Goodrich. However, he and his wife never had any children. He is, as they say, on a branch in my Goodrich Tree. The article was published in the Goodrich Family's Newsletter in 2013. I also created a tree for him in ancestry. Please see the citation below with regards to the publication in the Goodrich Gospel.
An excerpt from my research paper:
A research of great importance involved the study of insect/pests infecting grain and stored foodstuffs that occurred during both WWI and WWII. A.C. Hardy presented in Goodrich’s study as a quote from Goodrich which I interject here:
“In a grain of wheat are often found the shriveled remains of the Calandra larva on which the hymenopteron larva has fed, the dead or dying chalcid imago, and the Pediculoides attached to it. Thus the whole series of events is permanently recorded in the chitin, and the complete tragedy can be unfolded, even from unpromising material, by soaking it in a strong solution of potash.” E. S. Goodrich10
To put this in laymen’s terms:
1. The Chalcid Imago is not the insect. The Chalcid is the parasitic fly, the insect. The imago is the head and thorax of the Chalcid.
2. The Chalcid (parasitic fly) lays its eggs on the wheat.
3. The eggs of the Chalcid (parasitic fly) develop into Chalandra Larva.
4. The Chalandra Larva feeds on the wheat.
5. The Hymenopteron Larva (i.e. larva of bees, wasps, or ants - winged insects) feed on the Chalandra Larva.
6. The remains of the Chalcid, which is the Imago (head and thorax), has Pediculoides (lice) attached to it.
7. The series of events are permanently encoded in the Chitin (the outside skeleton of the insect) which is how Goodrich knew which insect was there.
8. You can take the damaged wheat, even if you cannot see the dead or dying insect, and by soaking it in a strong solution of Potash (pot’ash) you can identify the Chitin (dead skeleton of the insect) and therefore know which insect larva was eating on the wheat.
9. Goodrich identified the Imago which is how he knew which insect was destroying the wheat. In other words he could see that this Parasitic Fly (Chalcid) was definitely involved. The larva (Chalandra Larva) of the Parasitic Fly (Chalcid) had to be the cause of the series of events. Therefore the Parasitic Fly had to be eradicated. Smile! 11

The identity of this study was of much importance to the safety of crops and food supply during WWI and WWII and any case of famine which may occur or had occurred. Goodrich was a pioneer in this research.

The bibliography for this article is extensive. Mine and my husband's names are in it too. Carolyn B. Hebert (retired rehabilitation nurse) and Alfred D. Hebert (retired biologist teacher)

Published in December 2013 issue of the Goodrich Quarterly Gospel, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 127-133.

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