Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee(1883-1967), Prime Minister
Sitter in 49 portraits
In 1922, Attlee was elected Labour MP for Limehouse, and in 1935 he became leader of the Labour Party. He served as Deputy Prime Minister under Winston Churchill in the coalition wartime Government in 1940-5. In the 1945 election, Labour held its first overall majority in the House of Commons with a landslide victory. Attlee's government laid the foundations of the Welfare State and nationalised the Bank of England, transport, communications, coal, gas and electricity, and the iron and steel industries. He stepped down when Labour lost the 1955 election and was succeeded as leader by Hugh Gaitskell.
Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below