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King Charles II

(1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85

Sitter associated with 295 portraits
When civil war broke out in 1642, the heir to the throne Prince Charles was only twelve. He courageously engaged in the fighting for the next four years and, on one occasion when advised to retreat, cried 'I fear them not'. He was eventually sent abroad for safety in 1646. His attempt to invade England in 1651 ended in disaster at the Battle of Worcester when he was sheltered by Royalists until he finally escaped back to France. He was restored to the throne in 1660, amid great rejoicing, but with limitations on his powers. He became adept at out-manoeuvring the opposition to his policies, particularly in matters of religion and foreign affairs. The second half of his reign was marked by war with the Dutch after the Royal African Company, which had a monopoly of the Transatlantic slave trade, began to capture Dutch slave-trading posts in 1667. The company was founded by a royal charter issued by Charles in 1672 and was led by his brother, James Duke of York. In 1685, James succeeded as King James II, as although Charles had fathered fourteen children by his mistresses, he had no legitimate heir.

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King Charles II, probably by William Faithorne, after  Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D22816

King Charles II

probably by William Faithorne, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, late 1630s-1640s
NPG D22816

Progeny of Charles I, published by Edward Cooper, after  Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D26448

Progeny of Charles I

published by Edward Cooper, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
mezzotint, (1637)
NPG D26448

King Charles II, probably by William Faithorne, after  Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D22823

King Charles II

probably by William Faithorne, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, late 1630s-1640s
NPG D22823

King Charles II, by Pieter de Jode II, after  Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D18446

King Charles II

by Pieter de Jode II, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, (1637-1638)
NPG D18446

King Charles II, after Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D18447

King Charles II

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, (1637-1638)
NPG D18447

King Charles II, by Cornelis van Dalen, after  Unknown artist - NPG D18483

King Charles II

by Cornelis van Dalen, after Unknown artist
line engraving, late 1630s-early 1640s
NPG D18483

King Charles II, after Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D18485

King Charles II

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, (1637-1638)
NPG D18485

King Charles II, after Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D18445

King Charles II

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, (1638-1641)
NPG D18445

King Charles II, by William Faithorne - NPG D22694

King Charles II

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1640s
NPG D22694

King Charles II, probably by William Faithorne, published by  Sir Robert Peake - NPG D22817

King Charles II

probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22817

King Charles II, probably by William Faithorne - NPG D22820

King Charles II

probably by William Faithorne
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22820

King Charles II, published by Sir Robert Peake, probably after  William Faithorne - NPG D18481

King Charles II

published by Sir Robert Peake, probably after William Faithorne
etching and line engraving, early 1640s
NPG D18481

King Charles II, published by Sir Robert Peake, probably after  William Faithorne - NPG D18482

King Charles II

published by Sir Robert Peake, probably after William Faithorne
etching and line engraving, early 1640s
NPG D18482

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18486

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line and stipple engraving, 1640s
NPG D18486

King Charles II, by Unknown artist - NPG D18490

King Charles II

by Unknown artist
etching, 1640s
NPG D18490

King Charles II, by William Faithorne, after  William Dobson - NPG D22693

King Charles II

by William Faithorne, after William Dobson
line engraving, circa 1646
NPG D22693

King Charles II, after Adriaen Hanneman - NPG D18459

King Charles II

after Adriaen Hanneman
line engraving, (circa 1648)
NPG D18459

King Charles II, after Adriaen Hanneman - NPG D18460

King Charles II

after Adriaen Hanneman
line engraving, (circa 1648)
NPG D18460

King Charles II, after Adriaen Hanneman - NPG D18496

King Charles II

after Adriaen Hanneman
line engraving, (circa 1648)
NPG D18496

King Charles II, by Wenceslaus Hollar, after  Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D18444

King Charles II

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Sir Anthony van Dyck
etching, 1649
NPG D18444

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