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King Charles II

(1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85

Sitter associated with 295 portraits
When civil war broke out in 1642, the heir to the throne Prince Charles was only twelve. He courageously engaged in the fighting for the next four years and, on one occasion when advised to retreat, cried 'I fear them not'. He was eventually sent abroad for safety in 1646. His attempt to invade England in 1651 ended in disaster at the Battle of Worcester when he was sheltered by Royalists until he finally escaped back to France. He was restored to the throne in 1660, amid great rejoicing, but with limitations on his powers. He became adept at out-manoeuvring the opposition to his policies, particularly in matters of religion and foreign affairs. The second half of his reign was marked by war with the Dutch after the Royal African Company, which had a monopoly of the Transatlantic slave trade, began to capture Dutch slave-trading posts in 1667. The company was founded by a royal charter issued by Charles in 1672 and was led by his brother, James Duke of York. In 1685, James succeeded as King James II, as although Charles had fathered fourteen children by his mistresses, he had no legitimate heir.

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King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18448

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
woodcut, circa 1649
NPG D18448

King Charles II, by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after  Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke) - NPG D18449

King Charles II

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke)
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D18449

King Charles II, by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after  Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke) - NPG D18450

King Charles II

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke)
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D18450

King Charles II, after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke) - NPG D18451

King Charles II

after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke)
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D18451

King Charles II, by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after  Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke) - NPG D18452

King Charles II

by Frederik Bouttats the Younger, after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke)
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D18452

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18484

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
woodcut, circa 1649
NPG D18484

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18489

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649
NPG D18489

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18488

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649
NPG D18488

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18487

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1649
NPG D18487

King Charles II, after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke) - NPG D18491

King Charles II

after Jan van den Hoeck (Hoecke)
line engraving, (1649)
NPG D18491

King Charles II, by William Faithorne - NPG D22685

King Charles II

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D22685

King Charles II, by William Faithorne - NPG D22695

King Charles II

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D22695

King Charles II, by and published by Wallerant Vaillant - NPG D30443

King Charles II

by and published by Wallerant Vaillant
mezzotint, circa 1650-1675
NPG D30443

King Charles II, by Peter van Lisebetten (Lysebetten, Liesebetten), after  Peter van Lint - NPG D18453

King Charles II

by Peter van Lisebetten (Lysebetten, Liesebetten), after Peter van Lint
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D18453

King Charles II, probably after Philippe de Champaigne - NPG D18454

King Charles II

probably after Philippe de Champaigne
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D18454

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18455

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s
NPG D18455

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18475

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18475

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18476

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18476

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18477

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18477

King Charles II, after Unknown artist - NPG D18478

King Charles II

after Unknown artist
line and stipple engraving, 1650s-1660s
NPG D18478

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