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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

(1591-1646), Parliamentary general

Sitter associated with 44 portraits
Essex's father, the 2nd Earl, had been a favourite of Elizabeth I, but was executed for treason in 1601. The family honours were restored to the 3rd Earl in 1604. In the years leading up to the Civil War Essex consistently opposed Charles I's policies, and he became General of the Parliamentary army in 1642. His lack of success prompted the formation of the New Model Army.

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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by William Faithorne, published by  Peter Stent, after  Unknown artist - NPG D22726

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by William Faithorne, published by Peter Stent, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1662
NPG D22726

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by William Faithorne, after  Unknown artist - NPG D22727

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by William Faithorne, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1673?
NPG D22727

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27087

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D27087

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27088

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D27088

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D21334

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1713
NPG D21334

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Sir Anthony van Dyck - NPG D27090

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Sir Anthony van Dyck
line engraving, 1713
NPG D27090

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by James Hulett - NPG D21335

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by James Hulett
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D21335

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by James Hulett - NPG D27084

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by James Hulett
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D27084

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Joseph Collyer the Younger - NPG D27082

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Joseph Collyer the Younger
line engraving, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D27082

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist - NPG D27083

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
stipple and etching, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D27083

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Wenceslaus Hollar, published by  William Richardson - NPG D27086

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Wenceslaus Hollar, published by William Richardson
etching, published 1799
NPG D27086

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Thomas Wright - NPG D25804

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Thomas Wright
stipple and line engraving, probably 19th century
NPG D25804

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Innocenzo Geremia - NPG D27091

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Innocenzo Geremia
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D27091

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Richard Sawyer, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21332

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Richard Sawyer, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1820s
NPG D21332

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Edward Scriven - NPG D25802

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Edward Scriven
stipple engraving, published 1824
NPG D25802

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Edward Scriven, published by  Harding, Triphook & Lepard, after  William Derby, after  Robert Walker - NPG D36568

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Edward Scriven, published by Harding, Triphook & Lepard, after William Derby, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, published 1 July 1824
NPG D36568

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Edward Scriven, after  William Derby, after  Robert Walker - NPG D36569

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Edward Scriven, after William Derby, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, published 1 July 1824
NPG D36569

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Thomas Anthony Dean, published by  Harding & Lepard, after  Robert Walker - NPG D9045

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Thomas Anthony Dean, published by Harding & Lepard, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, published 1 June 1827
NPG D9045

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, by Henry Thomas Ryall, after  Robert Walker - NPG D9044

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Henry Thomas Ryall, after Robert Walker
stipple engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D9044

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Laurie Pettitt

22 March 2017, 20:50

Essex and Manchester, afraid of winning... Afraid of losing. They hoped to bring Charles I to an agreement. They didn't want to damage him, but they didn't want him to win because their heads would roll. So, they kept on fighting but not too hard. Given a chance, the Civil War would still be in progress today. Men were dying, but they were 'play fighting'.

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