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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

(1591-1646), Parliamentary general

Sitter associated with 44 portraits
Essex's father, the 2nd Earl, had been a favourite of Elizabeth I, but was executed for treason in 1601. The family honours were restored to the 3rd Earl in 1604. In the years leading up to the Civil War Essex consistently opposed Charles I's policies, and he became General of the Parliamentary army in 1642. His lack of success prompted the formation of the New Model Army.

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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1640s
NPG D21336

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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

probably by William Faithorne, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1643
NPG D21328

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Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Richard Sawyer, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1820s
NPG D21331

Web image not currently available

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

by Richard Sawyer, after Unknown artist
etching, circa 1820s
NPG D21333

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Laurie Pettitt

22 March 2017, 20:50

Essex and Manchester, afraid of winning... Afraid of losing. They hoped to bring Charles I to an agreement. They didn't want to damage him, but they didn't want him to win because their heads would roll. So, they kept on fighting but not too hard. Given a chance, the Civil War would still be in progress today. Men were dying, but they were 'play fighting'.

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