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William Ewart Gladstone

(1809-1898), Prime Minister and writer

Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter associated with 321 portraits
William Gladstone served as Prime Minister four times between 1868 to 1894. Gladstone was born in Liverpool into a family who had made their fortune trading in American corn, tobacco, sugar and cotton. His father, John Gladstone owned many plantations and enslaved people in the West Indies. William Gladstone’s first speech in the House of Commons in 1833 on the emancipation of slaves in the region supported the interests of the West Indian planters and argued for better terms of reparations to the planters for emancipation. By 1850 his position had changed and he spoke against slavery. Gladstone established his political career in Robert Peel’s Conservative government 1834-35 before being politically isolated as a Liberal-Conservative. He joined the Liberal party in 1859, becoming their leader in 1857 and Prime Minister a year later. Responsible for major reforms in the justice system and civil service, he developed his own political doctrine, Gladstonian Liberalism, which promoted equality of opportunity, free trade and liberty for oppressed people. His interest in Ireland led to a proposal of home rule in 1886 that split the Liberal party and was rejected. When his second home rule bill was rejected in 1893 he resigned.

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William Ewart Gladstone, by Eveleen Myers (née Tennant) - NPG P54

William Ewart Gladstone

by Eveleen Myers (née Tennant)
platinum print, 25 April 1890
NPG P54

William Ewart Gladstone, by Sydney Prior Hall - NPG 3641

William Ewart Gladstone

by Sydney Prior Hall
watercolour
NPG 3641

William Ewart Gladstone, by Sydney Prior Hall - NPG 2227

William Ewart Gladstone

by Sydney Prior Hall
gouache on millboard, circa 1890s
NPG 2227

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3378

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1890
NPG 3378

William Ewart Gladstone, by Eveleen Myers (née Tennant) - NPG P146

William Ewart Gladstone

by Eveleen Myers (née Tennant)
platinum print, 25 April 1890
NPG P146

William Ewart Gladstone, by Sydney Prior Hall - NPG 2228

William Ewart Gladstone

by Sydney Prior Hall
watercolour, circa 1890s
NPG 2228

William Ewart Gladstone, by Sydney Prior Hall - NPG 2324

William Ewart Gladstone

by Sydney Prior Hall
pencil, 1892
NPG 2324

William Ewart Gladstone, by Prince Pierre Troubetskoy - NPG 2159

William Ewart Gladstone

by Prince Pierre Troubetskoy
oil on millboard, 1893
NPG 2159

William Ewart Gladstone, by George Roland Halkett - NPG 3183

William Ewart Gladstone

by George Roland Halkett
pencil, 1893
NPG 3183

William Ewart Gladstone, by Phil May - NPG 2819

William Ewart Gladstone

by Phil May
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 2819

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3362

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3362

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3364

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3364

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3369

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3369

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3370

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3370

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3371

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3371

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3372

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3372

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3374

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3374

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3375

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3375

William Ewart Gladstone, by Harry Furniss - NPG 3376

William Ewart Gladstone

by Harry Furniss
pen and ink, 1893
NPG 3376

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