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King John

(1167-1216), Reigned 1199-1216

Sitter associated with 30 portraits
Famous as the king who granted the Magna Carta in 1215, John was the youngest and favourite son of Henry II. He succeeded his brother Richard I (the Lionheart) as king in 1199 and his reputation has always suffered in comparison. Known as 'Lackland' or 'Softsword', he lost control of crown territory in Northern France in 1205 after a lengthy war. John's defeat and the high taxes raised to support the campaign sparked a rebellion amongst his barons at home. Civil unrest continued until John's death in 1216.

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King John, by George Vertue - NPG D19699

King John

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1733
NPG D19699

King John, by Thomas Trotter, published by  Thomas Cadell the Elder - NPG D23648

King John

by Thomas Trotter, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder
line engraving, late 18th century
NPG D23648

The Seal of King John from the Magna Carta, after Unknown artist - NPG D42228

The Seal of King John from the Magna Carta

after Unknown artist
etching, late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D42228

King John, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D42229

King John

after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, late 18th century? (1618)
NPG D42229

King John, by William Ridley, published by  Charles Cooke - NPG D23643

King John

by William Ridley, published by Charles Cooke
stipple engraving, possibly early 19th century
NPG D23643

'King John Granting Magna Charta' (King John), by Alfred Adlard, after  Robert Trewick Bone - NPG D4067

'King John Granting Magna Charta' (King John)

by Alfred Adlard, after Robert Trewick Bone
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D4067

King John signing the Magna Carta, by Davenport, after  William Hilton - NPG D4068

King John signing the Magna Carta

by Davenport, after William Hilton
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D4068

'Signing of Magna Charta by King John' (King John), after Unknown artist - NPG D4069

'Signing of Magna Charta by King John' (King John)

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D4069

'Statues in St Stephen's Hall and the Central Hall', New Palace of Westminster, published by Illustrated London News - NPG D47366

'Statues in St Stephen's Hall and the Central Hall', New Palace of Westminster

published by Illustrated London News
wood engraving, published 4 February 1854
NPG D47366

King John, published by John Player & Sons, after  George Vertue - NPG D48117

King John

published by John Player & Sons, after George Vertue
colour relief halftone cigarette card, 1935
NPG D48117

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