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Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

(1850-1916), Field Marshal

20th Century Portraits Catalogue Entry

Sitter in 149 portraits
Kitchener achieved renown with military successes in the Sudan (1898-9) and as Chief-of-Staff to Lord Roberts during the Boer War (1899-1902). Commander-in-Chief in India (1902-9) and made Secretary of State for War in 1914, he used recruitment campaigns to convert the small British army into a military machine of three million men. Alfred Leete's artwork, 'Your County Needs You', was based on Bassano's photograph of Kitchener, with the addition of a pointing arm. It first appeared on the cover of London Opinion magazine on 5 September 1914 and was adopted for recruitment purposes soon after. Several poster and postcard versions followed, and it became one of the most iconic images of the World War One era.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 1899
NPG x95724

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Alexander Bassano
half-plate glass positive, 1899
NPG x96367

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Bassano Ltd
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 1910
NPG x95725

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Bassano Ltd
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 29 July 1910
NPG x95726

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Bassano Ltd
12 x 10 inch glass plate negative, 1910
NPG x95727

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'Defenders of Our Empire'

published by James Valentine & Sons Ltd, after Frank Arthur Swaine, and Langfier Ltd, and Alexander Bassano, and Sport & General Press Agency Ltd, and James Russell & Sons
bromide postcard print, 1911 or after
NPG x197673

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'Men who are making History'

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
postcard print, circa 1914
NPG x193603

Web image not currently available

'Soldiers of the King'

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
postcard print, circa 1914
NPG x193604

Web image not currently available

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, 1958
NPG x82467

Media

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