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Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 151 portraits
Daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. Forced to abdicate in favour of her son, she fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. Declared guilty of treason in 1586, she was executed the following year.

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Q. Mary's Escape from Lochleven Castle (Mary, Queen of Scots), by William Sharp, after  Robert Smirke - NPG D13128

Q. Mary's Escape from Lochleven Castle (Mary, Queen of Scots)

by William Sharp, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, published 1795
NPG D13128

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Thomas Trotter, published by  Isaac Herbert - NPG D25071

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Thomas Trotter, published by Isaac Herbert
line engraving, published 10 March 1796
NPG D25071

Bothwell Meeting the Queen (James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell; Mary, Queen of Scots), by Robert Hartley Cromek, after  Thomas Stothard - NPG D10550

Bothwell Meeting the Queen (James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell; Mary, Queen of Scots)

by Robert Hartley Cromek, after Thomas Stothard
engraving and etching, published 1798
NPG D10550

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, by Henry Bone, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17378

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, early 19th century
NPG D17378

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D31815

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
lithograph, 19th century
NPG D31815

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Niccolò Schiavonetti - NPG D25052

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Niccolò Schiavonetti
stipple engraving, possibly early 19th century
NPG D25052

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Madame Fabroni - NPG D25054

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Madame Fabroni
lithograph, probably early 19th century
NPG D25054

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Cooper - NPG D25059

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Cooper
ink, early 19th century
NPG D25059

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Cooper - NPG D25060

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Cooper
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D25060

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Cooper - NPG D25061

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Cooper
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D25061

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Cooper - NPG D25062

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Cooper
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D25062

Mary, Queen of Scots and Queen Elizabeth I, published by Joseph Netherclift - NPG D25065

Mary, Queen of Scots and Queen Elizabeth I

published by Joseph Netherclift
lithograph, possibly early to mid 19th century
NPG D25065

John Knox admonishing Mary Queen of Scots, by John Burnet, after  Sir William Allan - NPG D25066

John Knox admonishing Mary Queen of Scots

by John Burnet, after Sir William Allan
line engraving, early to mid 19th century
NPG D25066

The Last Gifts of Mary Queen of Scots, by George Henry Phillips, after  Alexandre-Marie Colin - NPG D25067

The Last Gifts of Mary Queen of Scots

by George Henry Phillips, after Alexandre-Marie Colin
mezzotint, possibly early to mid 19th century
NPG D25067

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25072

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, probably early 19th century
NPG D25072

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25083

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
etching, perhaps early 19th century
NPG D25083

'The Death of Rizzio' (David Riccio (Rizzio); Mary, Queen of Scots), by P. Rothwell, published by  Thomas Kelly, after  Miers - NPG D13131

'The Death of Rizzio' (David Riccio (Rizzio); Mary, Queen of Scots)

by P. Rothwell, published by Thomas Kelly, after Miers
line engraving, early 19th century
NPG D13131

'Landing of Mary, Queen of Scots', by John Dadley, published by  Thomas Kelly, after  Robert Smirke - NPG D13132

'Landing of Mary, Queen of Scots'

by John Dadley, published by Thomas Kelly, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, early 19th century
NPG D13132

Mary, Queen of Scots, after an engraving by Franz Huys - NPG D13137

Mary, Queen of Scots

after an engraving by Franz Huys
facsimile of an engraving, probably late 19th century (1550s)
NPG D13137

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D13196

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
aquatint and etching, 19th century
NPG D13196

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