The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

Search the Collection

Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 151 portraits
Daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. Forced to abdicate in favour of her son, she fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. Declared guilty of treason in 1586, she was executed the following year.

More on Mary, Queen of Scots: Tudor & Jacobean Portraits book in our Shops

Tell us More

7 Likes voting
is closed

Thanks for Liking

Please Like other favourites!
If they inspire you please support our work.

Make a donation Close

List Thumbnail

Detail from Pierre de Bocosel de Chatelard or Chastelard playing the lute to Mary, Queen of Scots, by William Say, after  Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle - NPG D11323

Detail from Pierre de Bocosel de Chatelard or Chastelard playing the lute to Mary, Queen of Scots

by William Say, after Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle
mezzotint, circa 1803-1834
NPG D11323

Detail from Pierre de Bocosel de Chatelard or Chastelard playing the lute to Mary, Queen of Scots, by William Say, after  Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle - NPG D11371

Detail from Pierre de Bocosel de Chatelard or Chastelard playing the lute to Mary, Queen of Scots

by William Say, after Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle
mezzotint, circa 1803-1834
NPG D11371

Mary, Queen of Scots, by E. Bocquet - NPG D25073

Mary, Queen of Scots

by E. Bocquet
stipple engraving, 1807
NPG D25073

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Henry Bone, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17099

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, December 1811
NPG D17099

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Cooper - NPG D25063

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Cooper
stipple engraving, published 1813
NPG D25063

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Henry Bone, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17101

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, July 1814
NPG D17101

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Dunkarton, published by  Samuel Woodburn, after  Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D31822

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D31822

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Dunkarton, published by  Samuel Woodburn, after  Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D31823

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D31823

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Dunkarton, published by  Samuel Woodburn, after  Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D25050

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D25050

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Dunkarton, published by  Samuel Woodburn, after  Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D34876

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D34876

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots, by Robert Dunkarton, published by  Samuel Woodburn, after  Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D9708

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D9708

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Edward Scriven, after  Peter Paillou - NPG D25064

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Edward Scriven, after Peter Paillou
stipple engraving, published 1818
NPG D25064

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Henry Bone, possibly after  Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D17348

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, possibly after Nicholas Hilliard
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 1819
NPG D17348

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Henry Bone, after  Unknown artist, after  Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D17491

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist, after Nicholas Hilliard
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, June 1819
NPG D17491

Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Lewis Marks - NPG D48632

Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Lewis Marks
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, 1820s
NPG D48632

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Thomas Ryder, published by  Colnaghi & Co - NPG D31816

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Thomas Ryder, published by Colnaghi & Co
hand-coloured stipple engraving, published 1821 (1552)
NPG D31816

Henry the Seventh's Chapel.  Monuments and Details, by and published by John Preston Neale, by  John Carter, by  James Robert Thompson, published by  Hurst, Robinson & Co - NPG D42664

Henry the Seventh's Chapel. Monuments and Details

by and published by John Preston Neale, by John Carter, by James Robert Thompson, published by Hurst, Robinson & Co
line engraving and etching, published 1 July 1821
NPG D42664

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by Henry Bone, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17507

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, June 1822
NPG D17507

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots, by Madame Fabroni, published by  Joseph Dickinson, after  Unknown artist - NPG D31819

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots

by Madame Fabroni, published by Joseph Dickinson, after Unknown artist
lithograph, published 1824
NPG D31819

Pierre de Bocosel de Chatelard or Chastelard playing the lute to Mary, Queen of Scots, by Andrew Duncan, after  Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle - NPG D25070

Pierre de Bocosel de Chatelard or Chastelard playing the lute to Mary, Queen of Scots

by Andrew Duncan, after Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle
line engraving, published 1830
NPG D25070

Tell us more back to top

Can you tell us more about this person? Spotted an error, information that is missing (a sitter’s life dates, occupation or family relationships, or a date of portrait for example) or do you know anything that we don't know? If you have information to share please complete the form below.

If you require information from us, please use our Archive enquiry service. You can buy a print of most illustrated portraits. Select the portrait of interest to you, then look out for a Buy a Print button. Prices start at £6 for unframed prints, £25 for framed prints. If you wish to license an image, please use our Rights and Images service.

Please note that we cannot provide valuations.

We digitise over 8,000 portraits a year and we cannot guarantee being able to digitise images that are not already scheduled.

What can you tell us?close

There are occasions when we are unsure of the identity of a sitter or artist, their life dates, occupation or have not recorded their family relationships. Sometimes we have not recorded the date of a portrait. Do you have specialist knowledge or a particular interest about any aspect of the portrait or sitter or artist that you can share with us? We would welcome any information that adds to and enhances our information and understanding about a particular portrait, sitter or artist.

Citationclose

How do you know this? Please could you let us know your source of information.

* Permission to publish (Privacy information)
Privacy Informationclose

The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. By ticking permission to publish you are indicating your agreement for your contribution to be shown on this collection item page. Please note your email address will not be displayed on the page nor will it be used for any marketing material or promotion of any kind.

Please ensure your comments are relevant and appropriate. Your contributions must be polite and with no intention of causing trouble. All contributions are moderated.

Your Emailclose

Contributions are moderated. We'll need your email address so that we can follow up on the information provided and contact you to let you know when your contribution has been published.

Play

Tudor and Elizabethan matching pairs

Test your memory by playing our matching pairs game. Three levels of difficulty make it fun for the whole family.

Test your skill

Regency familiar faces

Rearrange tiles to uncover sitters from the Gallery's Collection by playing our puzzle game.

Play today

Who do you think you were?

Answer a few lifestyle questions about the Elizabethan period and discover your inner Elizabethan!

Start now