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Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 151 portraits
Daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. Forced to abdicate in favour of her son, she fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. Declared guilty of treason in 1586, she was executed the following year.

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Mary, Queen of Scots, by Jacques Etienne Pannier, after  Unknown artist - NPG D9295

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Jacques Etienne Pannier, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D9295

The Escape of Mary, Queen of Scots, by C. Cooke, after  Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle - NPG D25078

The Escape of Mary, Queen of Scots

by C. Cooke, after Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle
line engraving, published 1831
NPG D25078

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Perfect Harding, probably after  Lucas de Heere - NPG D18742

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Perfect Harding, probably after Lucas de Heere
watercolour, 1831
NPG D18742

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Thomas Hodgetts, published by  A.W. Maclean, after  Farino - NPG D25084

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Thomas Hodgetts, published by A.W. Maclean, after Farino
mezzotint, published 1 June 1833
NPG D25084

Mary, Queen of Scots, by William Derby, after  P. Oudry, after  Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D23067

Mary, Queen of Scots

by William Derby, after P. Oudry, after Nicholas Hilliard
pencil, circa 1835-1842 (circa 1610)
NPG D23067

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Adolphe Pierre Riffaut, after  François Clouet - NPG D13123

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Adolphe Pierre Riffaut, after François Clouet
etching printed in colours, published 1848
NPG D13123

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Hanns Hanfstaengl, after  Unknown artist, after  Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D31825

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Hanns Hanfstaengl, after Unknown artist, after Nicholas Hilliard
photograph of painting, 1850s-1860s (circa 1610)
NPG D31825

'Statues in St Stephen's Hall and the Central Hall', New Palace of Westminster, published by Illustrated London News - NPG D47366

'Statues in St Stephen's Hall and the Central Hall', New Palace of Westminster

published by Illustrated London News
wood engraving, published 4 February 1854
NPG D47366

Mary, Queen of Scots being led to execution, by William Luson Thomas, published by  Illustrated London News, after  Scipione Vannutelli - NPG D13135

Mary, Queen of Scots being led to execution

by William Luson Thomas, published by Illustrated London News, after Scipione Vannutelli
wood engraving, published 3 January 1863
NPG D13135

'Queen Mary quitting Stirling Castle', by William Luson Thomas, after  Henrietta Mary Ada Ward - NPG D13136

'Queen Mary quitting Stirling Castle'

by William Luson Thomas, after Henrietta Mary Ada Ward
wood engraving, published by Illustrated London News 11 July 1863
NPG D13136

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D31824

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
photograph of painting, late 19th century (early 17th century)
NPG D31824

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D31826

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
chromolithograph, late 19th century
NPG D31826

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Sir George Scharf, after  Unknown artist - NPG D20918

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Sir George Scharf, after Unknown artist
pencil on tracing paper, 1880s?
NPG D20918

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Henry Bone, possibly after  Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro) - NPG D41904

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
colour photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41904

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Henry Bone, possibly after  Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro) - NPG D41905

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41905

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Henry Bone, possibly after  Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro) - NPG D41906

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41906

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots, after Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D42669

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42669

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots, after Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D42670

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42670

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