Early Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1819-1861), Prince Consort of Queen Victoria

This does not include photographs, caricatures or most popular prints (several examples in the NPG), nor the smaller items in the Royal Collection. Some group portraits in which the Prince Consort appears are listed, but only those where his face and figure are recognizable, and of importance. The best sources for illustrations of portraits are the Marquis of Lorne, VRI: Her Life and Empire (1901), Sir H. Maxwell, Sixty Years a Queen (1897), and H. and A. Gernsheim, Queen Victoria: A Biography in Word and Picture (1959), referred to below as Lorne, Maxwell and Gernsheim.

c.1823
Engraving by W. Holl, after Döll (example in NPG), for T. Martin, The Life of his Royal Highness, the Prince Consort (1879), I, between 4 and 5.

c.1824
Painting by G. E. van Ebart (with his mother and brother). Royal Collection, Windsor.

1828
Photogravure of a portrait by Schneider, after Eckhardt (example in NPG).

1838
Anonymous engraving, after V. Gortz (example in British Museum), reproduced Gernsheim, p 37.

1839
Drawing by L. von Meyern Hohenberg. Royal Society of Arts, London. Engraved by J. Scott, published T. Boys, 1840 (example in British Museum).

Marble bust by E. Wolff. Royal Collection.

Miniature by Sir W. C. Ross (full-face, in brown coat and blue cravat). Royal Collection, Windsor. Lithographed by R. J. Lane, published Colnaghi and Puckle, 1840, and engraved by H. T. Ryall, published Colnaghi and Puckle, 1840 (examples in NPG).

1840-5
'Windsor Castle in Modern Times' by Sir E. Landseer. Royal Collection, Windsor.
Landseer Exhibitions, RA, 1874 (173), and 1961 (95). Engraved by T. L. Atkinson, published H. Graves, 1851 (example in NPG). Oil study of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert: Royal Collection, Landseer Exhibition, 1961 (61), reproduced in catalogue. A crayon study is also in the Royal Collection, probably that engraved by F. Holl, published 1865 (example in British Museum).

1840
'The Marriage of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert' by Sir G. Hayter. Royal Collection. Reproduced Lorne, p 125 (detail). Engraved by C. E. Wagstaff, published H. Graves, 1844 (example in NPG). Pencil and oil studies in the Royal Collection, and the British Museum.

'The Marriage of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert', miniature by Sir W. J. Newton. Exhibited RA, 1844 (771), and VE, 1892 (424), lent by Mrs Newton.

Painting by J. Partridge. Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace.
Listed in Partridge's 'Sitters Book' (MS, NPG archives), under 1840. Exhibited RA, 1841 (188). Engraved by G. T. Doo, published F. Moon, 1844 (example in NPG). There are several later versions.

Miniature by Sir W. C. Ross (half-length, in profile). Royal Collection, Windsor.
Reproduced Lorne, p 127. Engraved by J. Thomson, by H. T. Ryall, published Colnaghi and Puckle, 1841, and by W. Holl, published Smith, Elder & Co, 1867 (examples in NPG).

Etching by himself (example in Royal Collection, Windsor).

Lithograph by J. Erxleben, after a portrait by F. Hanfstaengl, published Colnaghi and Puckle, 1840 (example in NPG).

Engraving by E. Hacker, after H. E. Dawe, published Dawe, 1840 (example in NPG).

c.1840
Painting by G. Patten. Exhibited RA, 1840 (173).
Either the portrait engraved by C. E. Wagstaff, published Hodgson and Graves, 1840, or that etched by C. G. Lewis (examples in NPG).

Miniature by J. Haslem. Derby Art Gallery.
Reproduced D. Foskett, British Portrait Miniatures (1963), plate 182, facing p 176.

Engraving by C. Heath and W. H. Egleton, after W. Drummond, published J. and F. Tallis (example in NPG).

1841
'The Christening of the Princess Royal at Buckingham Palace' by C. R. Leslie. Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace. Reproduced Lorne, p 143. Exhibited VE, 1892 (84). Engraved by H. T. Ryall, published F. Moon, 1849 (example in British Museum). Anonymous lithograph, published A. & C. Baily (example in NPG).

Miniature by Sir W. C. Ross (three-quarter length, in evening dress, with orders). Royal Collection, Windsor. Reproduced D. Foskett, British Portrait Miniatures (1963), plate 187, between pp 176-7. Exhibited RA, 1841 (826), and British Portrait Miniatures, Edinburgh, 1965 (355). Engraved by F. Bacon, published Colnaghi and Puckle, 1841, by W. Holl, published P. Jackson, and by H. T. Ryall, published Colnaghi and Puckle, 1841 (examples in NPG and British Museum).

Drawing by S. Diez. Exhibited RA, 1842 (574). Lithographed anonymously, published A. & C. Baily, 1841 (example in NPG). A lithograph of Queen Victoria, identical in style and format (example in NPG), is stated to be by E. Desmaisons after S. Diez.

Marble bust by E. H. Baily. Victoria and Albert Museum.
Possibly the unfinished marble bust exhibited RA, 1841 (1217).

Engraving by F. W. Topham, published J. Rogerson, 1841 (example in NPG).

Painting by J. Partridge. Commissioned by the Duchess of Kent. Listed in Partridge's 'Sitters Book' (MS, NPG archives), under 1841. Exhibited RA, 1842 (171). Probably the half-length portrait in the Royal Collection, similar to the head in the 1840 portrait (see above), but in a different uniform.

c.1841
Cabinet bust by J. Francis. Exhibited RA, 1841 (1287).

Medal by B. Wyon (from a model by E. H. Baily). Exhibited RA, 1841 (1125).

1842
'The Christening of the Prince of Wales' by Sir G. Hayter. Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace. Reproduced Gernsheim, plate 57. Studies are in the Royal Collection, Windsor.

Painting by F. X. Winterhalter. Royal Collection, Windsor. Engraved by A. Louis, published F. Moon, 1848 (example in NPG). Another version is in the Musée de Versailles et des Trianons, and a copy by R. Rowe is in the Examination Schools, Cambridge.

Painting by Sir E. Landseer (Albert and Queen Victoria as Edward 111 and Queen Philippa for a bal costumé). Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace. Exhibited Landseer Exhibition, RA, 1961 (94).

Painting by J. Lucas. Musée de Versailles et des Trianons.
Reproduced A. Lucas, John Lucas (1910), plate XXXIV, facing p 41. Engraved by S. Cousins and by S. Bellin (example in NPG). Two versions are in the United Service Club, London, and Dublin Castle; a related portrait was in the collection of the Duke of Gotha.

Engraving by J. Carter, after J. F. Herring, published How and Parsons, 1842 (example in NPG). The original oil by Herring of 1841 is in the Brighouse Art Gallery, Yorkshire.

c.1842
Bust by R. Sievier. Royal Collection.
Exhibited RA, 1842 (1268).

1843
'Reception of Queen Victoria at the Château d'Eu' by E. Lami. Musée de Versailles. Reduced water-colour version: Royal Collection, Windsor.

Painting by F. X. Winterhalter (in Garter Robes). Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace. Reproduced Lorne, p 121. Engraved by T. Atkinson (example in NPG).

Miniature by R. Thorburn (in armour). Royal Collection, Windsor. Engraved by F. Holl, for T. Martin, The Life of his Royal Highness, the Prince Consort (1879), I, frontispiece.

c.1843
Medal(?) by W. Bain. Exhibited RA, 1843 (1362).

Statue by P. J. Chardini (on horseback). Exhibited RA, 1843 (1495).

Bust by J. Pitts. Exhibited RA, 1843 (1377).
A terra-cotta bust by Pitts is at Hughenden Manor.

1844
Marble bust by J. Francis. Guildhall Museum, London.
Exhibited RA, 1844 (1265). Plaster cast (NPG 1736).

c.1844
Bust by B. Franceschi. Exhibited RA, 1844 (1375).

Bust by W. Scoular. Exhibited RA, 1844 (1372).

1845
Painting by F. X. Winterhalter (full-length, in military uniform). Royal Collection, Balmoral.
Engraved by W. Skelton and J. Hopwood, published Longman, and Goupil, Paris (example in NPG).

c.1845
Miniature by R. Thorburn. Royal Collection, Windsor.
Exhibited RA, 1845 (795). Engraved by J. Brown, published 1848 (example in NPG), for the Art-Union.

'The Christening of the Prince of Wales', miniature by Sir W. J. Newton.
Exhibited RA, 1845 (825).

1846
Painting by F. X. Winterhalter (with the Queen and his children). Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace. Reproduced Maxwell, p 49. Engraved by S. Cousins, published T. Boys (example NPG).

Painting by F. X. Winterhalter (full-length, in court dress). Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight.

Statue by J. G. Lough. Royal Exchange, London.
A model for this or the 1847 statue was at Elswick Hall, Newcastle, listed in the Catalogue of Lough and Noble Models at Elswick Hall (c.1928), p 25 (66).

Marble statue by E. Wolff Osborne House, Isle of Wight. Reproduced Country Life, CXLVI (1969), 905. Replica (in sandals, in place of bare feet): Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace.

'The Fine Arts Commissioners, 1846' by J. Partridge (NPG 342).

c.1846
Painting by Sir F. Grant (in uniform, beside a horse). Christ's Hospital, Horsham.
Exhibited RA, 1846 (199). Oil sketch: Royal Collection, Windsor.

Marble bust by J. Pitts. Exhibited RA, 1846 (1425).

1847
Statue by J. G. Lough. Lloyd's, London.

1849
Marble bust by Baron C. Marochetti. Royal Collection, Windsor.
Possibly the bust exhibited RA, 1851 (1253).

c.1849
Painting by F. R. Say (in court dress). Examination Schools, Cambridge.
Exhibited RA, 1849 (73). Engraved by W. H. Mote, published D. Bogue, 1851 (example in NPG).

1850
'Royal Sports on Hill and Loch, 1850' by Sir E. Landseer. Royal Collection.
Exhibited RA, 1854 (63). Engraved by W. H. Simmons, published H. Graves, 1874 (example in British Museum), engraving reproduced Maxwell, p 79. A study, entitled 'Queen Victoria landing at Loch Much', is in the Royal Collection, exhibited Landseer Exhibition, RA, 1961 (16), reproduced in catalogue.

Marble bust by J. Francis (with Queen Victoria). Geological Museum, London.

1851
'The First of May 1851' by F. X. Winterhalter. Royal Collection, Windsor.
Reproduced Gernsheim, plate 103. Engraved by S. Cousins (example in NPG).

'Royal Opening of the Great Exhibition' by H. C. Selous. Victoria and Albert Museum. Engraving reproduced Maxwell, p 60.

Water-colour by F. X. Winterhalter (Albert and Victoria dressed as Charles H and Catherine of Braganza for a bal costumé). Royal Collection, Windsor.

Lithograph from life by C. Baugniet, published Ackermann, 1851 (example in NPG).

Statue by J. Wyatt (on horseback). Formerly Coliseum, Regent's Park.

Marble bust by J. Francis (with Queen Victoria). Mansion House, London.

Lithograph by T. H. Maguire, published G. Ransome, 1851 (example in NPG), for 'Ipswich Museum Portraits'.

c.1851
Miniature by R. Thorburn (with his brother, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha). Exhibited RA, 1851 (987). Enamel copies: Royal Collection, Windsor.

1852
Marble bust by J. Francis (with Queen Victoria). Drapers Hall, London.

1853
'Evening at Balmoral', water-colour by C. Haag. Royal Collection, Balmoral. Reproduced Maxwell, p 73. Numerous other water-colours of the Royal Family by Haag are in the Royal Collection.

1854
'On the Heights Near Boulogne, 1854' by F. de Prades (signed and dated 1857). Sotheby's, 3 April 1968 (lot 77). Exhibited RA, 1857 (1122).

c.1854
Model for a marble bust by J. E. Jones. Exhibited RA, 1854 (1367).
A marble bust by Jones of 1854 was offered to the NPG in 1964.

1855
Lithograph by R. J. Lane, after F. X. Winterhalter, published J. Mitchell (example in NPG).

'The Queen Investing Napoleon III with the Order of the Garter' by E. M. Ward. Royal Collection. Exhibited RA, 1858 (35), and VE, 1892 (78). Reproduced Maxwell, p 88.

'The Queen Visiting the Tomb of Napoleon I' by E. M. Ward. Royal Collection.
Exhibited RA, 1858 (254). Reproduced Maxwell, p 91.

'Faraday Lecturing at the Royal Institution' by A. Blaikley. Collection of the Faraday Society. Reproduced R. Appleyard, A Tribute to Michael Faraday (1931), facing p 34. Anonymous lithograph (example in British Museum); a similar lithograph, coloured in oils by the artist, is in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow.

1856
Painting by E. Boutibonne and J. F. Herring (on horseback). Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace. Possibly the painting exhibited RA, 1857 (24).

c.1856
'The Earl of Cardigan Describing the Charge of the Light Brigade to Prince Albert and his Children' by an unknown artist. Brudenell Collection, Deene Park.

c.1858
Painting by J. Phillip (in highland dress). Corporation of Aberdeen.
Exhibited RA, 1858 (78). Engraved by T. O. Barlow, published D. T. White, 1858 (example in NPG). Probably the engraving reproduced Lorne, p 265.

1858
'The Marriage of the Princess Royal' by J. Phillip. Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace.
Exhibited RA, 1860 (58). Reproduced Gernsheim, plate 156. Engraved by A. Blanchard, published Gambart, 1865 (example in British Museum).

1859
Painting by F. X. Winterhalter. Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace.
Engraved by S. Bellin and lithographed by J. Vinter (examples in NPG). Replica (NPG 237).

Painting by W. Boxall (as Master of Trinity House). Trinity House, London.
Exhibited RA, 1859 (81).

'Queen Victoria at a Military Review in Aldershot' by G. H. Thomas. Royal Collection.
Exhibited RA, 1866 (212). Anonymous engraving reproduced Gernsheim, plate 170. Water-colour study: Christie's, 14 November 1967 (lot 166).

Marble bust by M. Noble. City Hall, Manchester.
Model exhibited RA, 1858 (1162).

Bust by W. Theed. Royal Collection.
Exhibited RA, 1859 (1231).

1860
Bust by W. Theed. Grocers Company, London.

Marble bust by J. Thomas. Midland Institute, Birmingham.
Exhibited RA, 1860 (946).

Medallion by Miss S. Durant. Royal Collection, Windsor.
Medallions in plaster and in ormolu in NPG.

1861
'The Last Minutes of the Prince Consort' by an unknown artist. Wellcome Institute of the History of Medicine, London. Lithographed by W. L. Walton (example in Wellcome Institute); a key to the picture, done when it was disposed of by raffle, is in the NPG. A variant version is reproduced R. Awde, Waiting at Table. Poems and Songs (1865), frontispiece.

Marble bust by W. Theed. Royal Society of Arts, London.
Probably based on a death-mask by Theed.

c.1862
Painting by J. G. Middleton (as colonel of Hon Artillery Company). Hon Artillery Company. Exhibited RA, 1862 (74).

Marble statue by W. Theed. Osborne House, Isle of Wight.
A marble bust by Theed of 1862 is in the Royal Collection, exhibited Death and the Victorians, Brighton Art Gallery, 1970 (addenda), and possibly RA, 1862 (992). Another slightly different bust of 1862 by Theed is also in the Royal Collection.

Bust by J. Durham. Guildhall Museum, London (destroyed 1940).
Biscuit porcelain copy, Christie's, 15 June 1961 (lot 20).

c.1862
Painting by J. C. Horsley. Royal Society of Arts, London.

1863
Statue by J. E. Thomas. Tenby.

Statues by J. Durham. (1) Albert Hall, London. (2) Guernsey.

Statue by W. Theed (in highland dress). Royal Collection, Balmoral.
Reproduced as a woodcut ILN, XLV (1864), 216. Model exhibited RA, 1864 (867). A related bronze statuette of 1863 is at Osborne House.

Statue by T. Earle. Licensed Victuallers Asylum, London.
Another statue by Earle of 1864 is apparently in the Old Kent Road, London.

1864
Statue by T. Thornycroft (on horseback). Halifax.
Model exhibited RA, 1863 (1011).

Statue by W. Brodie. Perth.

Statue by T. Woolner. University Museum, Oxford.

Effigy by Baron C. Marochetti. Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore.
Reproduced Gernsheim, plate 209.

c.1864
Design for a memorial by F. P. Cockerell. Exhibited RA, 1864 (796).

1865
Statues by M. Noble. (1) Peel Park, Salford. (2) Manchester. (3) Leeds.
The plaster cast of the Peel Park statue, together with another plaster bust or statue, was formerly at Elswick Hall, Newcastle; see Catalogue of Lough and Noble Models at Elswick Hall (c.1928), pp 50, 51 (167, 174).

Statue by W. Theed. Coburg.

Statue by W. Blashfield, from Theed's model: Royal Albert Infirmary, Bishop's Waltham.

Statue by J. Durham. Agricultural College, Framlingham.
Model exhibited RA, 1865 (897).

1866
Statue by W. Theed (copy of his Coburg statue of 1865). Sydney, Australia.

Bronze statue by T. Thornycroft (on horseback). Liverpool.

Statue by T. Thornycroft. Wolverhampton.

Statue by W. Theed. Surrey County Hospital.

1867
Statue by J. H. Foley. Council House, Birmingham.

1868
Marble statue by W. Theed (with Queen Victoria, as Ancient Saxons). Royal Collection, Windsor. Reproduced Maxwell, p 120. Plaster cast: Royal Collection, on loan to NPG.

Statue by J. H. Foley. Dublin.

Statue by E. B. Stephens. Art Gallery, Exeter

c.1868
Wax by A. Heness. Exhibited RA, 1868 (1061).

1870
Statue by M. Noble. Bombay.
Reproduced as a woodcut ILN, LVII (1870), 552.

c.1871
Marble bust (of Albert as a child) by Miss C. A. Fellows. Exhibited RA, 1871 (1330).

1874-6
Statue by J. H. Foley. Albert Memorial, London.
Reproduced Architectural Review, CXXXV (June 1964), 425.

1874
Statue by J. H. Foley. Cambridge.
Exhibited RA, 1875 (1330). Reproduced as a woodcut ILN, LXXII (1878), 52.

Statue by C. Bacon (on horseback). Holborn Circus, London.
Reproduced as a woodcut ILN, LXIV (1874), 37.

1876
Statue by Sir J. Steell (on horseback). Charlotte Square, Edinburgh.
Reproduced as a woodcut ILN, LXIX (1876), 192.

1877
Marble bust by Sir J. Steell. Royal Collection.

Undated
Water-colour by F. X. Winterhalter. Collection of the Earl of Harewood.

Memorial in St George's Chapel, Windsor.

Statue by A. Drury. Victoria and Albert Museum (facade).

Marble bust by J. Adams-Acton. City of Bradford Art Gallery.

Plaster medallion by T. Butler. Royal College of Physicians, London.

Medal by J. Ottley (example in NPG).

Bust by H. Weekes. Collection of Mlle Mathys, Brussels, 1935.

Engraving by H. Robinson, after W. Drummond (example in NPG).



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Ormond, Early Victorian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1973, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.