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Regency Portraits Catalogue

Charlotte Augusta Matilda, Princess Royal (1766-1828), Eldest daughter of George III; Queen of Württemberg

1767
Oil by Francis Cotes in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle), as a baby held by Queen Charlotte (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 718, plate 15).

1769
Miniature by Ozias Humphry in the Royal Collection, exhibited 'George III Collector & Patron', Queen's Gallery, 1974-5 (156).

1770
Oil by Zoffany in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle), a group of George III, Queen Charlotte and their six eldest children in Van Dyck dress; a related oil by Zoffany in Buckingham Palace is of the Princess Royal and Prince William as small children with a skittish little dog (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 1201, 1203 and plates 32-4).

Mezzotint by Johnson published 1770 (example in British Museum).

1776
Oil by Benjamin West in the Royal Collection (Buckingham Palace), Queen Charlotte with her eldest daughter working embroidery (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 1142, plate 114).

1779
Stipple and line engraving in London Magazine March 1779, head and shoulders aged 13 with a fashionably grand hair-style.

1782
Pastel by John Downman signed and dated 1782, E. M. Hodgkins collection sold Sotheby's 3 May 1961 (83) bought Colnaghi, reproduced in colour in Connoisseur, XVIII, 1907, p 14.

Oil by Gainsborough in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle), one of the series of their children painted for George III and Queen Charlotte (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 782, plate 53); a copy by Dupont is in the Prince of Hanover's collection, Marienburg. The exquisite Gainsborough of the three eldest princesses was the cause of Gainsborough's quarrel with the Royal Academy in 1784 and his launching a special exhibition of his own at Schomberg House that summer (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 798, plates 66-8).

1786
Wax model by Richard Sander exhibited RA 1786 (303).

1786
Drawing by Dodd engraved by Noble for New Lady's Magazine, 1 March 1786, head and shoulders in plumed head-dress.

1787
Medallion attributed to Lochée in Wedgwood Museum, Barlaston, exhibited 'Wedgwood Portrait Medallions', NPG, 1973-4 (17).

1788
Silhouette by Charles Rosenberg in the Royal Collection, head and shoulders painted on glass at Cheltenham 1788, reproduced in a group of four princesses in Connoisseur, XC, 1933, p 223.

1789
Oil by J. H. Ramberg known from a stipple engraving by P. W. Tomkins published Harmer 1789, three-quarter-length seated leaning on her elbow by an urn with rosebush.

c.1790
Oil by P. E. Stroehling in Holburne Museum, Bath, whole-length with her youngest sister Princess Amelia, identity doubtful.

1792
Oil by F. G. Weitsch at Bamburgh Castle (Lord Armstrong), formerly in the Duke of Cambridge's collection.

c.1795
Miniature by Cosway known from copies by George Engleheart in the Royal Collection and Wallace Collection (M103). A pastel drawing by Charles Hayter, probably intended for a miniature, also appears to stem from this source, Christie's 20 May 1975(53).

Wax relief attributed to Rouw (NPG 2174).

1797-1800
Oil by Beechey in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle), one of a set of his sisters painted for the Prince of Wales, four being exhibited RA 1797 (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 665, plate 163); watercolour copies by Edward Harding are at Windsor Castle (A. P. Oppé, English Drawings … at Windsor Castle, 1950, 290-309); Cheesman's stipple engraving was published in 1806.

1797
The Princess married Frederick Prince of Württemberg 18 May 1797, he succeeding his father a few months later. Their wedding in St James's formed the subject of a mezzotint published by Laurie & Whittle 7 August 1797 in which she can be seen wearing her favourite ostrich plume head-dress.

Stipple engraving by P. W. Tomkins, head and shoulders in crown and bridal dress, published by Tomkins 26 May 1797; a drawing by Tomkins, in which she wears the Prince of Wales's plumes instead of the crown, is in the British Museum exhibited 'Portrait Drawings', British Museum, 1974, no. 314.

Line engraving by Anker Smith 'from a picture in Buckingham House' published 24 June 1797.

Miniatures by Edward Miles in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle) and the Prince of Hanover's collection (Calenberg); a variant with a black beribboned hat was at Christie's 15 June 1976 (9).

c.1800
Miniature by Charles Rivers known from Ridley' stipple engraving in The Monthly Mirror, 1 May 1800, head and shoulders in slashed dress and plumed turban.

1805-6
Drawing by Edridge in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle), whole-length seated on a sofa, identity doubtful (A. P. Oppé, English Drawings … at Windsor Castle, 1950, 200).

1811
Miniature by Andrew Plimer at Christie's 5 July 1977 (290), half-length in black and white dress holding a book of Beethoven, but identity doubtful, her dislike of music being notorious.

c.1816
Miniature by W. M. Craig, known from S. Freeman's stipple engraving published by E. Orme 4 January 1817, head and shoulders possibly related to Beechey's oil of 1797.

1827
Miniature by Paul Fischer in the Royal Collection, exhibited 'George III Collector & Patron' Queen's Gallery 1974-5 (17) and engraved by William Skelton 1828, whole-length seated near Windsor Castle holding a pen and botanical specimen above a drawing-board, passion-flower in vase; a version without the vase and with a wintry landscape is also in the Royal Collection (Windsor Castle) and a different type of miniature by Fischer is in the Courts & Co collection, Strand.

1828
Lithograph by M. Gauci published by Dickinson 1828 (example in British Museum).



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.