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Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Charles Montagu Doughty (1843-1926), Poet and traveller

Paintings, drawings, sculptures and prints
Undated photograph

Paintings, drawings, sculptures and printsback to top

c.1875–6 or 1878
Watercolour drawing by unidentified French artist, whole-length, seated crossed-legged to left on mat, wearing oriental dress; untraced.
Photograph of this drawing, inscr. on the reverse by T.E. Lawrence ‘CMD in Damascus 187-, from a drawing by a French artist, in the possession of Mrs Doughty’;[1] coll. Caroline Barron. Repr. Taylor 1999, between pp.134–5; also repr. as photogravure by Elliott & Fry, Doughty 1921, vol.2, frontispiece; and Doughty 1923, vol.2, frontispiece.[2]

Watercolour by Dorothy Doughty, half-length, three-quarters to right, wearing academic robes; Downing Coll., Cambridge, 72. Repr. Taylor 1999, between pp.262–3.

Pastel drawing by Eric Henri Kennington; see NPG 2113.

Bronze medallion by Theodore Spicer-Simson, head-and-shoulders, profile to left; memorial, Golders Green Crematorium, London. Repr. Spicer-Simson 1924, p.51; Hogarth 1928, frontispiece; Taylor 1999, facing p.263. For associated photograph, see below, ‘Photographs, 1922’.

Oil painting by Francis Dodd; untraced.[3]

Pencil drawing by Francis Dodd, signed, dated and inscr., head-and-shoulders, head three-quarters to left; Gonville & Caius Coll., Cambridge (no acc. no.). Drawing preparatory to the drypoint below.[4]

Drypoint by Francis Dodd, head-and-shoulders three-quarters to right; exh. RA 1944 (1039); impressions colls NPG D7894; BM, London, 1945,1208.81; Bonhams and Brooks, Chelsea, 25 Sept. 2001 (197); and Phillips, 12 Jan. 1999 (136).[5] The print is undated but it is based on the 1922 drawing (see above), which it reproduces in reverse.

Photographsback to top

Photograph by unidentified photographer, head-and-shoulders facing, slightly to right, clean shaven, as an undergraduate; repr. Hogarth 1928, facing p.6.

Photograph by unidentified photographer, head-and-shoulders to left, almost profile to left; repr. Hogarth 1928, facing p.116. Copies of this photograph and the reproduction of the item above from Hogarth 1928, mounted in a single frame; Downing Coll., Cambridge, 438.

Photograph by W. & J. Stuart, head-and-shoulders slightly to left, wearing coat with fur collar; repr. Bookman, Apr. 1920, p.11 and June 1927, p.161.

Photograph by unidentified photographer; album of Fellows’ portraits, Gonville & Caius Coll., Cambridge, PH:I/01/1.

publ. 1904
Photograph by unidentified photographer, head-and-shoulders, profile to left; MEPL, London, 10002597. Repr. Hogarth 1904, facing p.271; also repr. as photogravure by Emery Walker, Doughty 1908, vol.1, frontispiece; and Doughty 1921, vol.1, frontispiece.
This is the prime image of Doughty in later middle age.[6]

Photograph by unidentified photographer, head-and-shoulders facing, slightly to right; RGS, London, 026533 [Image S0005728]. Taken when awarded RGS Founder’s Gold Medal, Mar. 1912.

publ. 1916
Photograph by unidentified photographer, almost full-face, seated writing at a table; repr. Bookman, May 1916, p.32.
Slight variant (see right hand holding pen); repr. The Caian, vol.34/3, 1926–7, insert between pp.116–17.

Photograph by J.P. Walder, Grayshott, head-and-shoulders to right, with long white beard; repr. as photogravure by Emery Walker, Doughty 1923, vol.1, frontispiece (captioned ‘1921’); photogravure (or photograph) also repr. Doughty 1936, vol.1, frontispiece (with facsimile signature); and Taylor 1999, between pp.262–3. For a very similar photograph attributed to Edward Gooch, see Getty Images, 3135059.

Photograph by Theodore Spicer-Simson, three-quarter-length in profile, seated in garden; Getty Images, 3135106.[7] Probably photographed by the sculptor when working on the bronze medallion, see above.

Photograph by unidentified photographer, half-length, head to left, seated at desk; signed print tipped in T.E. Lawrence’s own copy of Travels in Arabia Deserta, 1888, vol.1, Sotheby’s, 12 July 2005 (290, ill.). Repr. Hogarth 1928, facing p.200.

Undated photographback to top

Photograph by unidentified photographer; Gonville & Caius Coll., Cambridge, PH:I/06.

1) Doughty was in Damascus 1875–6. 2) Captioned ‘Charles Montagu Doughty soon after his return from Arabia / The garments are those given him by the Great Sherif of Mecca.’ This suggests an alternative date of 1878.
3) See note from C. Aitken, director of National Gallery of British Art (Tate Gallery), 2 May 1922, NPG, NoS (Doughty).
4) Note from C. Aitken, 2 May 1922, NPG, NoS (Doughty).
5) This print not listed in Schwabe 1926, pp.369–75.
6) Doughty was unhappy with official portraiture. He responded to a request from a publication in 1902: ‘I have not such a photograph in the world. I may be allowed to say it would be rather contrary to my perhaps now old-fashioned ideas to see a portrait of myself, a private person, in a published book.’ Letter from C.M. Doughty to D.G. Hogarth, 24 Oct. 1902, quoted Taylor 1999, pp.51–2.
7) Doughty called Spicer-Simson ‘a pleasant man and no doubt a very good artist’; Taylor 1999, pp.301–2.

Carol Blackett-Ord