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Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

William, Duke of Gloucester (1689-1700), Son of Queen Anne

See M. R. Toynbee, Notes and Queries, 1947, 192, pp 271-72.

1691
Anonymous medals, half- and three-quarter-length, both with plumed helmet (Medallic Illustrations of The History of Great Britain and Ireland, British Museum, LXXXVIII/6, 7).

c.1691
Drawing by Robert White, head wearing a plumed hat, signed and inscribed. British Museum (G.g.1-482; E. Croft-Murray & P. Hulton, British Museum, Catalogue of British Drawings: XVI and XVII centuries, 1960, p 542; illus. Henry Purcell, British Library, 1995, p 23).

Painting by Godfrey Kneller, as an infant seated with plumed hat, pointing to a dog. Royal Collection (O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, no.341; J. D. Stewart, Godfrey Kneller, 1983, no.847). Engraved J. Smith 1691 (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 111).

c.1693
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, whole-length in loose tunic with Roman sandals, a vase behind him. Highclere (J. D. Stewart, Godfrey Kneller, 1983, no.848). Engraved J. Smith 1693 (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 112; J. D. Stewart, Godfrey Kneller, 1983, pl.82d). The head resembling that in NPG 325 and 5227, see Anne.

c.1694
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, with his mother, see Anne, NPG 325 and 5227.

c.1696
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, whole-length in Roman costume, right hand on hip, left on sword pommel, by a carved pedestal on which stands his helmet. Blenheim sale, Christie’s, 3rd day, 31 July 1886, lot 247 (G. Scharf, Catalogue raisonné; or, A List of the Pictures in Blenheim Palace, 1862, p 199; illus. W. S. Churchill, Marlborough and His Times, 1933-38, I, f.p.510). The head is almost identical with that in NPG 325 and 5227, see Anne. A version at Frederiksborg (1012; illus. Quelques Portraits d’artistes étrangers au château de Frederiksborg, 1933, pl.20); others were at Roxawa (Prince Frederick Duleep Singh, Portraits in Norfolk Houses, II, p 88, no.45) and sold Sotheby’s, 18-19 October 1995, lot 202.

Painting by Thomas Murray, whole-length standing wearing Garter robes in St George’s Chapel, Windsor, attended by Benjamin Bathurst (c.1691-1767, son of Sir Benjamin Bathurst, the Duke’s treasurer). Engraved J. Smith 1697 (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 115). Probably marking the Duke’s installation as Knight of the Garter on 25 July 1696. ‘Peter Bathurst’ [1687-1748, brother of Benjamin], ‘one of two Mr Bathursts ... from Eaton school’ once ‘wounded’ the Duke when playing soldiers in St George’s Hall at Windsor (Queen Anne's Son. The memoirs of William Henry, Duke of Cloucester, reprinted from a tract pub. 1789, pp 81-82). A weak version of the figure of the Duke alone was with E. Wyrall in 1930.

c.1697
Unattributed painting, whole-length standing in Garter robes, right hand pointing to plumed hat on chair. Sotheby’s, 12 April 1995, lot 33 attributed to Claret.

Unattributed painting, whole-length standing in Garter robes, his plumed hat in his left hand. Hinton St George sale, Sotheby’s, 19 February 1969, lot 1. Version at Ampleforth College, on permanent loan from the Deramore collection since 1966, shows a longer, fairer wig.

1699
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, half-length oval in half armour with ermine-trimmed drape, left hand on hip (no evidence of Garter), signed and dated. Royal Collection (O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, no.342, pl.142; J. D. Stewart, Godfrey Kneller, 1983, no.849). A copy by Edward Byng is in the British Museum (E. Croft-Murray & P. Hulton, British Museum, Catalogue of British Drawings: XVI and XVII centuries, 1960, p 250; 1897.8.13.8; Byng 7:f.57r). Exhibited William and Mary, Arts Council, 1950, no.25. Versions with J. E. Monins 1934 (when offered to the NPG); at Thoresby Hall; from the Combe Abbey sale, Sotheby’s, 27 November 1968, lot 79; and Sotheby’s, 6 April 1993, lot 23.

A directly related composition, but showing civilian dress with star and ribbon of the Garter, engraved J. Smith 1699 as three-quarter-length (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 113; J. D. Stewart, Godfrey Kneller, 1983, no.850) and half-length 1700 (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 114).

A second version, with the ribbon of the Garter, is also in the Royal Collection (O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, no.370 as after Kneller), engraved J. Houbraken 1745. A variant at Erddig (possibly that exhibited Second Special Exhibition of National Portraits ( ... William and Mary to MDCCC), South Kensington, 1867, no.85 lent Fairfax Chinnery).

c.1699
Painting attributed to William Claret, see NPG 5228.

Painting by Edmund Lilly, whole-length in Garter robes, left hand on sword pommel, signed (Royal Collection; O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, no.382, previously offered to the NPG in 1878). A version with J. Pearson in 1958 was sold Sotheby’s, 23 October 1968, lot 24, and offered to the NPG in 1971.

Painting by William Claret, whole-length standing in Garter robes, left hand on hip, his plumed hat on a table to the left. Royal Collection (O. Millar, The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1963, no.381; illus. C. H. Collins Baker, Lely and the Stuart Portrait Painters, 1912, II, f.p.74). The head resembling Kneller’s 1699 portrait (see above).

Painting attributed to William Claret, whole-length standing in Garter robes, left arm outstretched, an arcade with a statue of Pallas Athene beyond. Northwick Park sale, Christie’s, 25 June 1965, lot 45 as Closterman, and Christie’s, New York, 7 November 1977, lot 173 as Kneller.

c.1700
Miniature attributed to ‘Laurence Crosse’, i.e. Peter Cross, bust-length oval in armour with Garter ribbon. Nationalmuseum, Stockholm; given by Hjalmar Wicander 1927 (illus. K. Asplund, Wicanders miniatyrsamling, 1920, no.294, pl.111). The head relates to the 1699 Kneller pattern.

Doubtful Portraits
Unattributed miniature, in armour with Garter ribbon in the Royal Collection (illus. G. Reynolds, The sixteenth and seventeenth-century Miniatures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1999, no.375 as c.1696), previously listed as James, Prince of Wales, which may be preferable.

Other miniatures were exhibited SKM 1865, no.934, unattributed, lent Lord Spencer, and no.2406 by Bernard Lens [III], lent Charles Villiers Bayly.



This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.