Born in lodgings on the Hard, Portsmouth and began his career on the Britannia
training ship as a naval cadet in 1880; following his promotion to sub-lieutenant in 1886 he attended the Excellent
gunnery school; he became lieutenant in 1889 and went on to serve in the Mediterranean, China and the channel; in 1905, Goodenough was promoted captain and was chosen to head a new college at Dartmouth, as part of a developed scheme of naval education; he left Dartmouth in 1907 and joined Sir John Jellicoe
as flag captain in the Atlantic Fleet for a year; at the outbreak of the war he played a large part in the fighting in the Heligoland bight and was commended in dispatches for his contribution in the battle of Jutland; after the war he became commander-in-chief, Africa station, and then vice-admiral in 1920; Goodenough was promoted admiral in 1925 and then served as first and principal naval aide-de-camp to the king
for seven months before his retirement in 1930; at this point, he revived his great interest in the Royal Geographical society, becoming heavily involved in its council; he died in Coulsdon, Surrey, in 1945.