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Regency Portraits Catalogue

Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings (1754-1826), Army officer and Politician, Governor-General of India

1781
Line engraving by Cook published by J. Walker for The Westminster Magazine, 31 July 1781, head and shoulders as FRANCIS LORD RAWDON over a company of Guardsmen storming Hobkirk's Hill.

c.1784
Oil head and shoulders by Reynolds at Christie's 4 February 1871 (358) engraved in stipple by J. Baldrey and published 1 June 1784 (republished The European Magazine 1791), presumably a preliminary, not recorded in the Sitter Books, for the whole-length at Buckingham Palace in undress uniform as Colonel and ADC to the King, with sittings in 1789 and exhibited RA 1790 (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 1023 and plate 101).

Oil by Gainsborough in Sao Paolo (Brazil) Art Gallery, intended for RA 1784 and exhibited Schomberg House, whole-length in uniform as Colonel and ADC to the King standing under a tree with walking cane; a black chalk drawing at Christie's 23 May 1924 (9) and now Worcester, Mass., was perhaps a study for the mezzotint by Sanders.

1790-5
Oil by Lawrence exhibited Third Exhibition of National Portraits, South Kensington, 1868 (65) lent by Lady Edith Hastings, head and shoulders in Windsor uniform, believed to have been destroyed by fire at Loudon Castle 1941.

1794
Oil by Hoppner in Royal Collection, exhibited RA 1794 (66), whole-length in uniform, the Ribbon and Star of the Garter added in 1812 by Hoppner's son (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 842); a three-quarter-length version is at University College, Oxford; Scharf records a poor copy at Woburn Abbey, probably later at Loudon Castle and destroyed 1941; a different type, in field marshal's uniform (to which he was not entitled), is at Port Sunlight (85); another type attributed to Hoppner, drawn by Bartolozzi and engraved by Henry Landseer, half-length seated as Grand Master of Freemasons, is possibly a confusion with Ramsay's oil exhibited RA 1811.

Oil by Gilbert Stuart engraved by Collyer, three-quarter-length in uniform with castle.

1796-1808
Miniatures by R. Bull exhibited RA 1796 (523), 1804 (792) and 1808 (724), one engraving in stipple by Godby and published by Edward Orme 1805.

c.1800
Oil by unknown artist (NPG 2696).

1802-10
Marble bust by Nollekens dated 1802, exhibited RA 1803 (1024), now at Holkham, and another dated 1810 at Windsor Castle.

c.1802
Enamel by Spicer exhibited RA 1802 (537).

1803-7
Wax profiles by Catherine Andras exhibited RA 1803 (789) and another signed and dated 1807 in Bruce Ingram sale at Sotheby's 30 November 1964 (77); one in V&A Museum.

1804-5
Etchings by Kay, head and shoulders in cocked hat and plume (1804) and whole-length 'Addressing the Loyal Edinburgh Spearmen' (1805), plates to Kay's Portraits, 1842, II, 23 and 25.

1804
Oil by H. D. Hamilton exhibited Dublin 1804 was perhaps that engraved by Heath 1 September 1809 and used as a plate in Barrington's Historic Memoirs of Ireland, 1833, I, 337 (W. G. Strickland, Dictionary of Irish Artists, 1913, I, 442).

Watercolour on ivory by J. S. Harvie in Scottish NPG (L39), exhibited 'Great Irishmen' Ulster Museum 1965, head and shoulders signed and dated 1804 (Daphne Foskett, Dictionary of British Miniature Painters, 1972, plate 146).

Drawing by R. Corbould engraved C. Warren published 24 November 1804 by J. Stratford, head and shoulders to right, eyes turned to front.

c.1804
Oil by Shee in Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, exhibited RA 1804 (138), whole-length in uniform in attitude of speaking (in the House of Lords); versions are in Cardiff Castle (Bute Collection) and formerly at Loudon Castle; a copy was painted by Stephen Pearce in 1884 for the United Grand Lodge of England; head and shoulders version in Irish National Gallery, Dublin; whole-length mezzotint by Clint published in 1805. An 'improved' variant, whole-length in field marshal's uniform (which he never wore) is in the Oriental Club, London, painted by Samuel Lane 1836.

Miniature by Thomas Mitchell (NPG L152(31) [NPG 6293]), a free copy from the head of Shee's oil.

1806
Oil by Cutbush in the Old War Office, Whitehall, head and shoulders signed and dated 1806 (GAC 52).

before 1807
Oil attributed to Opie at Christie's 10 May 1862, whole-length in uniform pointing to a map on table, spaniel at his feet (Ada Eardland, John Opie and his Circle, 1911, p 284).

c.1809
Enamel by D. B. Murphy exhibited RA 1809 (631), possibly that engraved by Ridley for The European Magazine, 1 August 1811.

1811
Engraved gem by W. Brown exhibited RA 1811 (699).

Oil by James Ramsay exhibited RA 1811 (501) and engraved in mezzotint by Charles Turner published Ramsay 1811 (Alfred Whitman, Charles Turner, 1907, 374), three-quarter-length seated with bookstand as Acting Grand Master of Freemasons; engraved later by Robinson with artist's name mistakenly printed as Shee (published by Longman, Brown, Green & Longman).

1813-22
Oil by Robert Home painted for the Nawab of Oude (W. G. Strickland, Dictionary of Irish Artists, 1913, I, p 506).

c.1814
Oil by F. M. Casanova with a copy by A. du Buisson in Government House, Mauritius, whole-length in Garter Robes with Bible open at Gospel of St John, leaning against the Malarctic monument in the Champs de Mars, Port Louis mountains in background, possibly painted to commemorate his visit to Mauritius in 1813 en route for India.

before 1816
Watercolour miniatures by Grimaldi (Rev Alexander Grimaldi, A Catalogue of Paintings, Drawings & Engravings by and after William Grimaldi, 1873, 96, 102 and 312).

1816
Oils by Chinnery in New Delhi (reproduced in C. K. Adams, Catalogue of Portraits in the Garrick Club, 1936, p 371) with others painted for the Masonic Lodges of Mauritius and Bengal and for Sir Charles D'Oyly Bart (1818) sold Sotheby's 31 July 1974 (101a); a pencil drawing in the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation was exhibited 'George Chinnery' Hong Kong 1965 (90); a miniature by Chinnery was at Sotheby's 29 November 1976 (91).

1818
Impression for a medal by P. Rouw exhibited by W. Wyon at RA 1820 (980).

1820
Pen and ink drawing by James Atkinson (NPG 837).

c.1823
Oil by Raeburn in National Army Museum, whole-length standing in uniform by his charger, rifleman behind, as Marquess of Hastings KG (reproduced in colour in Connoisseur, LXXXIII, 1929, p 258 and discussed in Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research, VII, July 1929, p 202). Version without horse and rifleman in private collection Rutland.

1826
Statue by Flaxman in Memorial Hall, Calcutta (originally in the portico of the Dalhousie Institute); Flaxman died before its completion and it was finished by Thomas Denman who also exhibited a bust of Hastings RA 1835 (1090); the statue is sometimes mistakenly attributed to Chantrey.

Posthumous
c.1848
Marble statue by J. G. Lough in Malta, exhibited RA 1848 (1363).



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.