The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Regency Portraits Catalogue

William Howley (1766-1848), Archbishop of Canterbury

1814-16
Oil by Lawrence at Winchester College, begun 1 December 1814 (Diary of Joseph Farington 1795-1821), exhibited RA 1816 (25), mezzotint by Charles Turner 28 July 1817, three-quarter-length seated as Bishop of London; copies at New College and Christ Church, Oxford; enamel copy by H. P. Bone exhibited RA 1839 (716).

c.1817
Oil by Owen at Fulham Palace.

1820
'The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820' by Hayter (NPG 999).

1821
Marble bust by Chantrey in Canterbury Cathedral with the plaster model in Ashmolean Museum (585-73) and a cast in Lambeth Palace. A medal by Bain from Chantrey's bust was exhibited RA 1830 (1135).

1823-5
Oil by Owen (NPG 1552).

1833
'The House of Commons 1833' by Hayter (NPG 54 and Richard Ormond, National Portrait Gallery: Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p 526).

1837
Oil by Wilkie at Windsor Castle, 'Queen Victoria's First Council'; the Archbishop sits at the table with the Duke of Cumberland; 'the worst picture I have ever seen', said Queen Victoria (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 1188 and plate 279).

1838
The Archbishop appears in the numerous views of the Coronation by Baxter, Hayter, Leslie, Newton and Parris (see Richard Ormond, National Portrait Gallery: Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, under Victoria and British Museum Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits, vol.V).

1839
Drawing by W. Ross lithographed by Gauci 1839 derives from Owen's 1818 portrait.

1840
Drawing by Doyle in British Museum, Howley and Blomfield (Bishop of London) dining together and sending crumbs down to the Rev Sydney Smith (Laurence Binyon, Catalogue of Drawings by British Artists … in the British Museum, II, p 66).

Oil by Hayter in the Royal Collection, 'The Marriage of Queen Victoria', engraved Wagstaff 1844; a sepia drawing by Hayter of the Archbishop is in British Museum (Laurence Binyon, Catalogue of Drawings by British Artists … in the British Museum, II, p 287).

1841
Pen and ink drawing by S. F. Diez in Scottish NPG (1784), signed and dated 1841.

Oil by C. R. Leslie in the Royal Collection, 'Christening the Princess Royal'; a small panel of the Archbishop seated in his study was lent to Third Exhibition of National Portraits, South Kensington, 1868 (324) by W. Howley Kingsmill, mezzotint by Cousins published 1842; a drawing by Desmaisons and lithograph published by Baily, Lambeth Palace August 1841, three-quarter-length in black clerical suit, gaiters and wig, relates to Leslie's portrait.

c.1841
Oil by Shee in Lambeth Palace exhibited RA 1841 (68),three-quarter-length seated in white rochet, black scarf.

c.1842-4
Miniature by Newton exhibited RA 1842 (824) and another 'The Marriage of the Queen', RA, 1844 (771).

Posthumous
c.1850
Recumbent effigy by R. Westmacott in Canterbury, possibly that exhibited RA 1850 (1302) as 'The late Archbishop of Canterbury - to be placed in the choir of Canterbury Cathedral'.

Historical reconstructions of the Lord Chamberlain and the Archbishop breaking the news of William IV's death to the Princess Victoria are by H. T. Wells 1850 in the Tate Gallery, by Mary Gow a colour reproduction in The Graphic, Christmas Number, 1895, and riding furiously from Windsor by Alec Ball in the Duke of Argyll's Victoria R I Her Life and Empire, 1901, p 69.



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: Richard Walker, Regency Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, 1985, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.