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Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Horatio ('Horace') Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford (1717-1797), Writer and collector

Walpole's portraiture was surveyed by C. K. Adams and W. S. Lewis in 1970 (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970). Portraits whose identity Adams and Lewis rejected, or considered doubtful, are here generally omitted, together with some pictures in which Walpole’s likeness is incidental.

c.1720
Crayon drawing 'when a child, in a white frock, drawn about the year 1720'. Strawberry Hill sale, day 22, 19 May 1842, lot 10 (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A1).

c.1725-26
Wash drawing by Bernard Lens, whole length seated at a desk, inscribed by the sitter: Drawn from the life by Lens,/who was Master Horace Walpole/drawing master. Lord Waldegrave (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A2, pl.1).

1729
Painting by William Hogarth, whole length by a sundial. Lord Lonsdale (illus. C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, B3). From the Grosvenor Bedford sale, Christie’s, 1 March 1861, lot 33 as Horace Walpole by Le Mercier. Presumably the portrait referred to in the Haughton MSS ‘pay’d Mr Howgarth for Mester Haurris [i.e. Horry’s] picture 05-05-00, 10 October 1729’ (as kindly communicated by John Cornforth).

c.1729
The miniature of Walpole set in a ring, listed in the will of Mrs Mary Shepherd (d. 1762), is possibly that in the Buccleuch collection, engraved J. Stephenson 1861 as by Zincke (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, B4, pl.24b, as by Zincke or Lens) and copied by G. P. Harding 1801 (Lord Waldegrave) as of Walpole. Two miniatures by Zincke of Walpole, ‘in early childhood’ and ‘when a child’ were lots 34 and 36 in the Grosvenor Bedford sale, Christie’s, 1 March 1861.

1734-35
Painting by Jonathan Richardson, three-quarter length. Lord Waldegrave (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A4, pls.2,3). Copies in a private collection and formerly at Eton; a miniature copy by William Prewett 1735 in the Buccleuch collection (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, pl.4a).

c.1736
Pastel by George Knapton, bust length. Haughton in 1736 (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A5). An unattributed pastel portrait of Walpole was in the Grosvenor Bedford sale, Christie’s, 1 March 1861, lot 27.

1741
Pastel by Rosalba Carriera, bust length. Houghton Hall (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A6, pl.5; A. Moore ed., Houghton Hall, 1996, p 109). Drawn in Venice, where Madame Suares exclaimed that never in her life had she seen ‘a portrait of such perfection and verisimilitude'. Pendant to a portrait of the 9th Earl of Lincoln, see the 2nd Duke of Newcastle. A sketch by Rosalba was in the Strawberry Hill sale, day 21, 18 May 1842, lot 1.

1745
Miniature by C. F. Zincke, bust length. Lord Waldegrave (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A7, pl.4b), from the Strawberry Hill sale, day 14, 10 May 1842, lot 36. Engraved T. A. Dean 1861. A version sold Christie’s, 27 June 1978, lot 34.

Painting by John Robinson which Walpole thought 'very ill painted' (to Hanbury Williams, 6 August 1745). Possibly the half-length in King's College, Cambridge (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, B6, pl.26a) and the portrait once belonging to Charles Bedford, copied by G. P. Harding 1801 (Lord Waldegrave) and attributed to Worlidge, presumably lot 32 in the Grosvenor Bedford sale, Christie’s, 1 March 1861, as Richardson.

1750
Miniature by Nathaniel Hone. Whitehead sale, 2nd day, Christie’s, 5 August 1915, lot 321.

c.1750
Painting by J. G. Eccardt, half length. Private collection (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A9, pl.7). A version, possibly a copy by Edward Edwards, with Lord Mersey in 1937. Watercolour copy by G. P. Harding 1801 in the Grosvenor Bedford sale, Christie's, 1 March 1861, lot 21, probably that now in the Lewis Walpole Library, Farmington. A related copy by John Carter ‘From an unfinished Painting’, presumably by Eccardt, is in the Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif.(C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A9.1, pl.6).

1754
Painting by J. G. Eccardt, see NPG 988.

1755-59
Pen and wash drawing by J. H. Muntz, whole length seated in his library at Strawberry Hill. Private collection (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A11, pl.11). The figure alone engraved W. Greatbach 1842 from a drawing by Muntz in the possession of Sir Alexander Johnston.

1756-57
Painting by Joshua Reynolds, see NPG 6520.

c.1759
Painting by Allan Ramsay, half length. Lewis Walpole Library, Farmington (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A14, pl.19; A. Smart, ed. J. Ingamells, Allan Ramsay, a complete catalogue of his Paintings, 1999, no.529). A three-quarter length preparatory drawing is in the National Gallery of Scotland (D 240; C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, pl.18; A. Smart, ed. J. Ingamells, Allan Ramsay, a complete catalogue of his Paintings, 1999, fig.689). A copy by Thomas Gogain from Stanton Harcourt sold Sotheby’s, 10 June 1993, lot 870, and a copy of the Gogain was in an English private collection in 1970.

1768
Drawing by P-E. Falconet, profile bust, engraved by D. P. Pariset 1768 (C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, A15, pl.20).

c.1770?
Three caricatures of Walpole, drawn by John Carter, ‘after breakfast’, ‘before dinner’ and ‘after dinner’. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif. (illus. B. Riccio ed., Mary Berry un'inglese in Italia, diari e corrispondenza dal 1783 al 1823, 2000, p 11).

1793
Drawing by George Dance, see NPG 1161.

1795
Drawing by Thomas Lawrence, see NPG 3631.

1895
Stone bust by Frederick Thomas. National Portrait Gallery, east front.

Doubtful Portraits
See Unidentified Portraits NPG 116. A Rosalba pastel in the Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight (illus. Women’s Works, Liverpool, 1988, p 73), bears some resemblance and came from Wolterton (as Sir John Guinness has kindly informed me), but is probably not of Walpole; another, engraved J. Cochran 1835 as Walpole, and existing in several versions, shows Gustavus, 2nd Viscount Boyne (see C. K. Adams & W. S. Lewis, 'The Portraits of Horace Walpole', Wal. Soc., XLII, 1970, pp 27-29, C5, C9).



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.