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Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford (1661-1724), Lord Treasurer

c.1675
Pastel by Mrs Pawling, oval, ‘as a youth’. Welbeck (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.754).

c.1685?
Painting by John Riley, half-length within a painted oval wearing a loose purple drape. Welbeck (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.160; Sir George Scharf’s Sketch Books, 110:49).

c.1690?
Painting by Thomas Murray, whole-length in grey standing in a colonnade, right hand pointing into space. Panshanger sale, Christie’s, 16 October 1953, lot 100.

1701
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, three-quarter-length in black and gold Speaker’s robes, left hand on hip, holding a rolled paper titled Succession Bill (which became the Act of Settlement in 1701). Welbeck (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.44; Sir George Scharf’s Sketch Books, 48:65 and Sir George Scharf’s Sketch Books, 110:37). Exhibited Art Treasures, Manchester, 1857, British Portrait Gallery 260. A half-length repetition formerly at Panshanger, and a copy in miniature by Lens III at Welbeck, see 1714 below.

Engraving by W. Faithorne II, see Portland.

1714
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, see NPG 4011.

Miniature by Bernard Lens III, bust-length oval in chancellor’s robes, signed and dated, copied from the Kneller of 1701. Welbeck (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.184; illus. D. Foskett, A Dictionary of British Miniature Painters, 1972, II, pl.206, no.522). Exhibited Art Treasures, Manchester, 1857, ornamental art B44.

c.1714
Enamel by Christian Boit, bust-length oval, signed. Welbeck (W. Nisser, Michael Dahl, 1927, cat. p 115, no.26; R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.192; pl.xxii).

1716
Enamel by C. F. Zincke, bust-length oval in Garter robes. Private collection (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.194; D. Foskett, A Dictionary of British Miniature Painters, 1972, II, pl.399, no.964). A replica, showing slightly more of the figure, signed and dated 1716, is in the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin (306).
Other miniatures by Zincke were listed at Brocklesby in 1936 and sold Christie’s, 3 December 1963, lot 171 (in Chancellor’s robes, signed).

c.1718-19
Painting attributed to Richardson (and formerly to Kneller), whole-length seated wearing Garter star, holding staff in right hand, left hand holding right glove. Longleat (Sir George Scharf’s Sketch Books, 82:64).

c.1718-19?
Painting by Jonathan Richardson three-quarter-length standing in Garter robes with wand in right hand. Christ Church, Oxford, bequeathed in 1729 (Mrs R. L. Poole, Catalogue of Portraits in the possession of the University, Colleges, City and County of Oxford, III, p 48, no.123, illus.). Vertue noted Richardson’s signature (G. Vertue, Notebooks, Wal. Soc., XXIV, p 182). A 19th-century copy by Eugenio Latilla is at Syon House and a version, described as by Kneller in the collection of the Hon. Thomas Harley-Rodney [4th Baron Rodney], was engraved by J. Brown c.1842 from a drawing by Latilla (Histories of Noble British Families, I, 1846).

Painting by Jonathan Richardson, three-quarter-length standing in dark coat with Garter star, right glove in left hand, the head similar to that in the Christ Church portrait. Frewen Education Trust, Brickwall.

c.1720?
Painting attributed to Richardson, half-length, wearing black cap and dark coat, a coat of arms upper left (Sir George Scharf’s Sketch Books, 78:81: or, a bend cotised sa., with motto, virtute et fide, and crest an earl’s coronet). Lady Langdale in 1867. Exhibited Second Special Exhibition of National Portraits ( ... William and Mary to MDCCC), South Kensington, 1867, no.105. At Dupplin Castle in 1798 were listed two portraits of Oxford said to be by Richardson, one ‘in nightgown & cap, drawn after he came out of the Tower’ (Sir William Musgrave, MS lists of portraits, British Museum, Add. MSS 6392, ff.48, 52, nos 49, 109; the sitter’s daughter married the 8th Earl of Kinnoull).

1738
Painting by Jonathan Richardson, whole-length in Garter robes holding his wand as chancellor of the exchequer (i.e. 1710-11), his coronet on the table to the right. Welbeck (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, no.324). The Welbeck MS show Richardson had been working for Oxford in 1718-19 and was working on a posthumous whole-length in June 1738 with only the face complete (R. W. Goulding, Catalogue of Pictures belonging to … the Duke of Portland …, C. K. Adams ed., 1936, pp 123, 475). A version, in which he wears parliamentary robes and showing a glimpse of the Tower of London in the right background, was presented to the Speaker’s House by the 3rd Duke of Portland in 1804 (Palace of Westminster 28; Sir George Scharf’s Trustees’ Sketch Books, 24:23); a watercolour copy (D23275) is in Speakers’ Portraits of the House of Commons (NPG archive).

Doubtful Portraits
Unattributed painting, whole-length with long white wig, wearing black and gold gown over grey suit, coronet and sceptre on table to right; ‘aged 60 c.1720’ (but this would not account for the chancellor’s robes). Oxburgh Hall, Norf. (Prince Frederick Duleep Singh, Portraits in Norfolk Houses, II, p 122, no.68).

Half-length painting, holding paper inscribed House of Commons, from Nuneham Park sale, Christie’s, 11 June 1948, lot 127 as by Kneller (Catalogue of Pictures belonging to Lord Harcourt at Nuneham Park, 1806, p 13; Sir George Scharf’s Sketch Books, 75:69; E. W. Harcourt ed., The Harcourt Papers, III, p 260).



This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.