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Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox (1672-1723), Courtier; son of King Charles II

c.1673
Painting by Peter Lely, whole-length in a landscape as St John the Baptist; Goodwood. A bust-length miniature copied from this picture is in the Royal Collection (G. Reynolds, The sixteenth and seventeenth-century Miniatures in the Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1999, no.163 as ‘manner of S. P. Rosse’).

Painting by Henri Gascar, as Cupid by his mother’s side; untraced; engraved E. Baudet (exhibited Painted Ladies at the Court of Charles II, NPG/New Haven, 2001, no.50).

1674
Benedetto Gennari’s diary records his portrait of the ‘Duca di Richmon … espresso in un amorino con la saetta in mano’ (P. Bagni, Benedetto Gennari e la bottega del Guercino, 1986, p 147, no.2).

c.1675
Painting by Henri Gascar, standing three-quarter-length in fanciful Roman costume holding his seated mother’s hand; Deene Park. Exhibited Painted Ladies at the Court of Charles II, NPG/New Haven, 2001, no.51. Richmond’s wife, Anne Brudenell, was the sister of the 3rd Earl of Cadogan of Deene Park.

Painting by Henri Gascar, whole-length on a terrace in fanciful Roman costume (as in the previous portrait), baton in left hand; formerly at Malahide Castle; exhibited First Special Exhibition of National Portraits ( ... ending with the reign of James the second), South Kensington, 1867, no.913 lent by the Earl of Belmore (Castle Coole).

Painting by Simon Verelst, whole-length seated with a parrakeet on a string, signed (Catalogue of Pictures belonging to the Earl of Ilchester at Holland House, 1904, no.38).

c.1680
Painting by Henri Gascar, whole-length standing in a landscape, a black servant carrying his hat; untraced; engraved probably by Gascar (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 10).

Painting by Willem Wissing, whole-length in a landscape wearing Roman dress, caressing a hound; untraced; engraved I. Beckett (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 86).

Painting by Cornelis de Bruyn, three-quarter-length with cuirass, left hand on hip, right hand holding baton; untraced; engraved R. Tompson (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 41; C. Blackett-Ord, ‘Richard Tompson’, Wal. Soc., LXX, 2008, T.60, fig.54).

c.1681
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, whole-length to right in Garter robes, plumed hat in left hand; untraced; engraved R. White (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 8). A similar portrait (170 x 100 cm) sold Kende Galleries, New York, 17-18 April 1941, lot 240.

Painting by Willem Wissing, whole-length seated in Garter robes, his plumed hat to the left; Goodwood (illus. Guide, after 1998, p 3); exhibited Chefs d’oeuvre de Goodwood, Fondation Mona Bismarck, Paris, 1992, no.17; engraved R. Williams (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 47).

c.1682?
Unattributed painting, half-length painted oval, in Garter robes; Cirencester (Earl Bathurst, Catalogue of the Bathurst Collection …, 1908, pp 62-63, illus., as Kneller). The head much resembles that by Wissing of c.1681.

1684
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, whole-length standing in Garter robes, signed and dated; Bromley House Library, Nottingham.

c.1685
Unattributed painting, three-quarter-length standing in Garter robes, right hand on hip, coronet to the right. Berkeley Castle. Perhaps by a French artist.

c.1695?
Painting attributed to Huysmans, half-length painted oval; Goodwood.

c.1703
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, see NPG 3221.

c.1705
Painting by Godfrey Kneller, three-quarter-length in red coat with Garter ribbon, signed; Goodwood (J. D. Stewart, Godfrey Kneller, 1983, no.610; illus. Guide, c.1974, p 10). A half-length version was formerly at Holland House (Catalogue of Pictures belonging to the Earl of Ilchester at Holland House, 1904, no.96).

Doubtful Portraits
An untitled engraving by B. Lens (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 16), showing a youthful Adonis with hound in a landscape, has been identified as Richmond (extra-illustrated Wheatley’s London, II/iii, p 557; NPG library).

A whole-length portrait in Garter robes by Lely at Lennoxlove (listed by D. Piper, Catalogue of the Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery 1625-1714, 1963; illus. C. H. Hartmann, La Belle Stuart, 1924, p 196) shows the 3rd Duke of Richmond (1639-72).



This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.