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Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), First Lord of the Admiralty

c.1725
Painting attributed to Isaac Whood, as a child in skirts with a bow. Formerly Hinchingbrooke, destroyed by fire 1997.

c.1739
Painting by J-E. Liotard, whole length in Turkish dress. Formerly Hinchingbrooke, destroyed by fire 1997 (illus. Liotard, opera completa, 1978, no.45, tav.IV). In 1763 Walpole wrote that it was ‘done at Constantinople by Liotard’ (Wal.Soc., XVI, 1928, p 49). A miniature copy by Henry Bone was exhibited Wembley, 1924 (V.195), lent Lord Sandwich.

1740
Painting by Joseph Highmore, see NPG 1977.

1745
Painting by George Knapton, half length in Turkish dress, a glass in his left hand. Society of Dilettanti (illus. Cust & Colvin, Dilettanti, 1898, f.p.110, p 219). Exhibited Third and concluding exhibition of National Portraits (fortieth year of the reign of George the third to MDCCCLXVII), South Kensington, 1868 (930).

The head recurs in a three-quarter length version, wearing a slightly different Turkish costume, at Dunrobin Castle (formerly at Trentham Hall; G. P. Harding, List of Portraits in Various Mansions of the United Kingdom, II, p 113).

1758
Painting by Joshua Reynolds, three-quarter length in Peer’s robes. Private collection (D. Mannings, Sir Joshua Reynolds, I, 2000, no.1273).

1761
Medal by Thomas Pingo. National Maritime Museum. A trial strike of a medal not issued (L. Brown, A Catalogue of British Historical Medals 1760-1960: The Accession of George III to the Death of William IV, 1980, no.9).

c.1764
Painting by Johann Zoffany, see under NPG 182.

1779
Drawn and engraved by Robert Stewart, bust-length oval.

1779-81
Painting by J. S. Copley, The Death of Chatham.

by 1781
Wedgwood medallion (illus. R. Reilly and G. Savage, Wedgwood the Portrait Medallions, 1973, p 298), resembling an engraving by J. Corner 1787 (European Mag.), of which a cruder version had been engraved anon. 1782.

1782
Painting by Thomas Gainsborough, whole length. National Maritime Museum (BHC 3009; E. K. Waterhouse, Gainsborough, 1958, no.599). Exhibited RA 1783 (190); Second special exhibition of National Portraits (William and Mary to MDCCC), South Kensington, 1867 (719). Engraved J. K. Sherwin; J. Scott; J. Collyer 1799 (oval). Copy by Thomas Beach [1793] at Huntingdon Town Hall, with long inscription, lower right (illus. Connoisseur, CXXXV, 1955, p 241).

1782
Engraving by J. Sayers, whole length (M. D. George, British Museum, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, V, 6076).

Wax by Lewis Pingo, exhibited Free Society of Artists, London, 1782 (159).

c.1782-85
Painting by Thomas Gainsborough, half length. Marquise de Ganay sale, Paris, 8-10 May 1922, lot 47 (E. K. Waterhouse, Gainsborough, 1958, no.600).

1787
Painting by John Opie, whole length in peer’s robes. Formerly Royal Naval Barracks, Stonehouse (illus. Sandwich Papers, IV, 1938, p 272; J. J. Rogers, John Opie and his Works, 1878, p 155). Exhibited RA 1787 (218). Copy by F. Lane in a private collection. A half-length derivation, in private dress, in the same private collection, and another was with Lord Wharncliffe in 1954.

1790
Drawing by John Nixon, showing Sandwich as one of the five directors at the 1790 Handel Commemoration. Private collection (illus. Handel, NPG, 1985, no.244).

c.1791
Painting by Thomas Beach, whole length, wearing peer’s parliamentary robes. Private collection.

The many caricatures of Sandwich include the Holy Order of St Almac 1773 (M. D. George, British Museum, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, 4642), A Sandwich 1788 (M. D. George, British Museum, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, VI, 7421) and a drawing in the Townshend Album (NPG 4855(23)).



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.