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Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Mary Thornycroft (née Francis) (1809-1895), Sculptor; wife of Thomas Thornycroft; daughter of John Francis

By other artists
Photographs

By other artistsback to top



1870
Oil on canvas by Theodore Blake Wirgman; three-quarter-length to right, standing by sculpture; untraced; probably that exh. RA 1878 (38). Repr. Strand Magazine, September 1893, p.269. Ref. ‘delivered here on Monday … most successful portrait … splendid picture’ in letter from (William) Hamo Thornycroft to Wirgman, 8 Oct. 1870, Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, 1996.9 / WIR 1.

1872
Sculpture by (Mary) Alyce Thornycroft, no details; untraced. Exh. RA 1872 (976).

1885
Oil on canvas, 175 x 150mm, by (Mary) Alyce Thornycroft, head-and-shoulders, profile to left, wearing lace cap and veil; Leeds AG, PA.2002.0086 (Gervase Farjeon Bequest). Repr. PCF (Leeds), 2004, p.183.

exh. 1890
Probably marble by (Mary) Alyce Thornycroft, bust, scarf on head; untraced. Exh. RA 1890 (2000); repr. MA, 1895, p.307 (where misattributed to painter Helen Thornycroft).

1891–2
High-relief figure in stone frieze by (William) Hamo Thornycroft, on Railways panel, representing ‘Passenger Traffic’, whole-length, profile to right, with daughter Alyce; Inst. of Chartered Accountants, London EC2. Plaster cast repr. Friedman et al. 1993, fig.61; and Mason 2003, p.62, no.8 (detail).

c.1892
Bronze bust by (Mary) Alyce Thornycroft; see NPG 4065.


Photographsback to top



c.1855
Photograph, 220 x 190mm arched top, by Roger Fenton, three-quarter-length, profile to right, standing, hands clasped at waist, beside plaster figure of Princess Helena as ‘Peace’, at 39 Stanhope St., London, the Thornycroft address 1845–60; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, TII-PP85. Repr. Manning 1982, fig.18; McCracken 1996, p.5; Darling-Glinski 2004, p.58; and Hurtado 2005, p.2.

late 1850s
Cartes-de-visite by unidentified photographer, five known poses:
(a) nearly whole-length, standing beside statuette on tall plinth; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.13(a).
(b) whole-length, seated holding paper with daughter Alyce to left; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.13(b).
(c) whole-length, standing beside statuette, arms folded; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.14(a).
(d) whole-length, profile to right, standing beside statuette, arms folded; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.14(b)
(e) whole-length, seated, daughter Alyce standing behind. Repr. Manning 1982, p.50, fig.31.
The statuette visible in (a), (c) and (d) appears to represent Mary Thornycroft’s Skipping Girl, exh. RA 1856 (1239).

c.1861
Albumen cartes-de-visite, 89 x 60mm, by Maull & Polyblank, two known poses:
(a) whole-length, standing, wearing dark velvet jacket and wide skirt, in photographer’s studio with plaster bust on table to left; colls V&A, London, Ph.555-1885 (as by Maull & Co, dated 29 Dec. 1864); NPG Ax14939; and The Rob Dickins Coll., Watts G., Compton, COMWG2008.1873.
(b) whole-length, standing with table to right, hands clasped; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.14(c, where dated c.1861). Repr. Maas 1984, p.212, no.405.

1860s
Carte-de-visite by unidentified photographer, whole-length, standing with sister; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.11.

1870s?
Cartes-de-visite by unidentified photographer, two known poses:
(a) whole-length, seated looking left, wearing white lace jabot and jacket with pagoda sleeves; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.9.
(b) three-quarter-length, full-face, seated; Henry Moore Inst., Leeds, Thornycroft Archive, album TII-PP(a)-1, f.10.

1884
Photograph, 190 x 235mm, by unidentified photographer, in group at wedding of son Hamo, 17 May 1884, half-length, full-face, seated, wearing lace cap. Repr. Roy Davids Ltd., Manuscripts etc., June 1996 (58).

c.1894
Photograph by Flemons, Tonbridge, whole-length, profile nearly perdu to right, seated on sofa by open window wearing dark silk gown and white lace cap. Repr. MA, 1895, p.305; and Manning 1982, fig.78 (cropped from right and captioned ‘at Weirleigh’, the Sassoon home in Kent where Mary Thornycroft lived from 1894).

Dr Jan Marsh