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Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol (1730-1803), Bishop of Derry

c.1760
Painting attributed to Johann Zoffany, half-length oval in clerical dress, an open book showing an engraved Expulsion from Paradise. Ickworth (illus. W. S. Childe-Pemberton, The Earl Bishop, 1925, I, f.p.48). Painted before he became Bishop.

c.1760?
Miniature by Gervase Spencer, formerly set in a marble paperweight. Ickworth.

1771
Painting by William Hoare, half-length seated, presenting his son to Lord Chatham. Christie’s, 16 June 1950, lot 149 (illus. W. S. Childe-Pemberton, The Earl Bishop, 1925, I, f.p.98).

Apart from the miniature by Shelley of c.1780-85, subsequent portraits were painted in Italy.

1778
Painting by Pompeo Batoni, three-quarter length standing in rochet and chimere holding a paper inscribed Act of Toleration, with the spire of Derry cathedral (completed in 1778) behind him. Sotheby’s, 8 April 1987, lot 21 (A. M. Clark, ed. E. P. Bowron, Pompeo Batoni, 1985, no.402, pl.362). The topographical detail was evidently added.

c.1778
Marble bust by Christopher Hewetson, see NPG 3895.

c.1780-85
Miniature by Samuel Shelley, bust-length oval in clerical dress with brooch. Ickworth.

c.1780
Painting formerly attributed to Angelica Kauffmann, whole-length seated, the paintings on the back wall including a view of Derry cathedral. Ickworth (illus. Connoisseur, LIX, 1921, p 4). Engraved J. Bromley.

1790
Painting by Elisabeth Vigée Leb Brun, three-quarter length seated in clerical dress, with a distant view of Mount Vesuvius. Ickworth.

Painting by Angelica Kauffmann, three-quarter length seated in clerical dress, by a bust of Maecenas. Christie’s, 16 June 1950, lot 150 (illus. Apollo, XCIX, 1974, p 430).

Pastel by H. D. Hamilton, seated on the Janiculum Hill in clerical dress. Ickworth (illus. Apollo, XCIX, 1974, p 433).

c.1790-93
Painting by H. D. Hamilton, whole-length standing in clerical dress, in the Borghese Gardens, Rome, with his grand-daughter Caroline. National Gallery of Ireland (4350). An unattributed miniature sold Sotheby’s, 22-24 September 1992, lot 559, wearing a jewelled brooch, used a comparable face mask.

c.1790?
Unattributed miniature, bust-length oval in clerical dress, showing white shirt front. Ickworth.

c.1795
Miniature, formerly attributed to John Comerford, bust-length oval in clerical dress, with a miniature set in diamonds (said to be of the Countess of Lichtenau, who was with Lord Bristol in Italy 1795-97). Christie’s, 6 July 1971, lot 75 as Continental School (illus. W. S. Childe-Pemberton, The Earl Bishop, 1925, II, f.p.494; listed in P. Caffrey, John Comerford and the Potrait Miniature in Ireland c.1620-1850, exhibition catalogue, Kilikenny Archaeological Soc., 1999, p 66). Since Comerford’s earliest activity in Ireland dates from 1793 he can hardly have received a sitting from Lord Bristol, then permanently abroad.

Miniature by an unknown Italian artist, half-length oval, wearing a light coat over his clerical dress; holding an elevation of his Irish house, Ballyscullion (started in 1787), with a distant view of Vesuvius. Ickworth (illus. Country Life, CLIII, 1973, p 1362).

Other miniatures recorded by George Engleheart (formerly with R. Bayne-Powell) and William Grimaldi (Rev. A. Grimaldi, A Catalogue of Paintings, Drawings & Engravings by and after William Grimaldi, 1873, p 29, no.249).

An undated wax by Isaac Gosset listed at Ickworth by R. Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1968 ed., p 176.

In his final year at Rome he was described as ‘the patron of all modern artists, whose wives he not only associates with as his only female company, but has their pictures drawn as Venuses all over the House’ (Catherine Wilmot, Rome 1803).

The many satires of the 4th Earl include The Right Rev Volunteer, 1784 (M. D. George, British Musuem, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, VI, 6653), The Irish Patriot, 1784 (M. D. George, British Musuem, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, VI, 6662), The Patriotic Prelate, 1785 (M. D. George, British Musuem, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, VI, 6819), and A Whisper over the Channel by James Sayers, 1785 (M. D. George, British Musuem, Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, VI, 6805).

Doubtful Portrait
Miniature sold Christie’s, 15 May 1979, lot 76 (illus. W. S. Childe-Pemberton, The Earl Bishop, 1925, I, f.p.28, as by Murphy).



This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.