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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork (1694-1753), Patron of the arts

Portraits of Burlington have not hitherto been classified. Several are in the Devonshire collection, presumably by descent through the marriage of the sitter's daughter, and sole heir, to the 4th Duke in 1748. After the portrait with his sister of c.1700, Kneller produced another in 1716. The latter, missing from the paintings of members of the Kit-Cat Club now in the National Portrait Gallery, was engraved by J. Faber junior for the series as one of four extras inserted into the forty-three numbered plates, published 1735. [1] Versions are at Chatsworth, Duke of Devonshire, and in the collection, 1957, of H. H. Brown; [2] the Garter was probably added after 1730. A good half length, artist and engraver unknown (J. Chaloner Smith, British Mezzotinto Portraits, 1878-83, 12), shows the sitter as captain of the Gentlemen Pensioners and is therefore datable to 1731-3 [3]. The well-known portrait by George Knapton at Chatsworth, with Rysbrack's bust of Inigo Jones in the background, is of 1743, the artist's name and date having been read from the inscription on the back before relining. Exhibited Second Exhibition of National Portraits, South Kensington, 1867 (280), it was engraved by W. T. Mote for Lodge's Portraits (F. O'Donoghue and Sir Henry M. Hake, Catalogue of Engraved British Portraits ... in the British Museum, 1908-25, 5).
Vertue mentions two groups in which the sitter appears: by Bartholomew Dandridge, 1732, with the Duke of Richmond and others [4] and by Vanloo, described at some length ‘... a family piece in large of Ld. Burlington his Lady and two daughters ...'. [5] He is caricatured in Taste or Burlington Gate attributed to Hogarth (see Kent, William).
A portrait by Vanderbank, signed and dated 1721, now in the Avery Library, Columbia University, has been said to represent Burlington. It appeared at the Charles sale, American Art Association, 15-20 November 1920, lot 678, as from the Winchester Heirlooms, Andover, Hampshire. Another portrait in the RIBA, ascribed to Kneller, has gained some currency, but the sitter does not appear to be Burlington. Two portraits, one of which was attributed to Michael Dahl, were recorded at Oxburgh Hall in 1908. [6]

1) See D. T. Piper, Catalogue of Seventeenth-Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p 401.
2) Reproduced Country Life, CXXII, 1957, p 1043; the Devonshire collection portrait sketched by Scharf, 1865.
3) E. Hailstone, Portraits of Yorkshire Worthies ..., II, 1869 (136).
4) G. Vertue, Vertue Note Books (edited by The Earl of Ilchester), Walpole Society, vols XVIll-XXIX, 1930-55, III, p 57.
5) Ibid, p 96.
6) Prince Frederick Duleep Singh, Portraits in Norfolk Houses, edited E. Farrer [1927], II, p 116.

This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.