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Mid-Georgian Portraits Catalogue

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805), General and diplomat

General and diplomat; sty. Lord Brome until succeeded as 2nd Earl Cornwallis 1762; created Marquess Cornwallis 1792; KG 1786; major-general 1775, general 1793; surrendered at Yorktown 1781; governor-general Bengal 1786-93 and 1805, defeating Tipu Sultan at Seringapatam in 1792; lord-lieutenant of Ireland 1798-1800; d. India.

‘Manly, affable, and good-natured; of an excellent judgement, and has a degree of application to business beyond what you would suppose’ (John, 1st Baron Teignmouth, d. 1834).

‘You will have heard that soon after I left England I was elected a Knight of the Garter, and very likely laughed at me for wishing to wear a blue riband over my fat belly’ (Lord Cornwallis, 1786).


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, National Portrait Gallery, 2004, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.