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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), General; third son of George II

General; third son of George served with distinction at Dettingen, 1743; defeated Prince Charles 'The Young Pretender' at Culloden, 1746; for his severity against the Jacobites, nicknamed 'the butcher'; in command in Holland, defeated at Laeffelt, 1747, and by the French in Germany, 1757; resigned his commands; he owned one of the best studs in England; he died unmarried.
Ten days before his death, according to Lord Albemarle, he had, ‘grown enormously fat, had completely lost the use of one eye, and saw but imperfectly with the other. He was asthmatic'. [1]

Footnotesback to top

1) Lord Albemarle, Memoirs of Rockingham, 1852, I, p 244.

Referencesback to top

Albermarle 1852
Lord Albemarle, Memoirs of Rockingham, 1852.

Goulding & Adams 1936
R. W. Goulding and C. K. Adams, Catalogue of the Pictures Belonging to His Grace the Duke of Portland, 1936.

Haswell & Dawnay 1966
A. E. Haswell Miller and N. P. Dawnay, Military Drawings and Paintings in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, 1966.

Hilles 1929
E. P. Hilles, Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1929.

Whinney 1971
M. Whinney, Victoria and Albert Museum, English Sculpture 1720-1830, 1971.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.