Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue
Emilia Francis (née Strong), Lady Dilke (1840-1904), Art historian and trade unionist; former wife of Mark Pattison and later second wife of Sir Charles Dilke, 2nd Bt
Seen in her twenties, her appearance resembled a painting by Greuze or Perroneau: ‘the pale pretty head blonde cendrée; the delicate smiling features and white throat, a touch of black, a touch of blue, a general 18th century impression as though of powder and patches’. 
Her personality was striking; according to Richard Jebb, she was ‘difficult to describe – she is very clever, she has tenderness; great courage; and an exquisite sense of humour. In manner she is inclined to be brusque, though … she never fails in perfect taste; she is joyous and affects a certain specially Oxford type of feminine fastness – she talks of art and books and philosophies…’ 
To Beatrice Potter Webb, she was ‘a brilliant woman with strong sense, great industry and capacity for manipulation’ but ‘coarse to the backbone: a born intriguer, with an unswerving faith in “cleverness”; an utter cynic as to “righteousness”’.  According to her niece Gertrude Tuckwell, however, ‘the same high courage, the same capacity for tireless work, the same sense of public duty’ characterized Emilia and her husband.
Dr Jan Marsh
Footnotesback to top
Referencesback to topAskwith 1969
Askwith, B., Lady Dilke: A Biography, London, 1969.
Baldry, A.L., Hubert von Herkomer: A Study and a Biography, London, 1901.
Clarke M. E., Critical Voices: Women and Art Criticism in Britain, 1880-1905, Aldershot, 2005.
Courtney, W.L., ‘Professor Hubert Herkomer ... His Life and Work’, The Art Annual for 1892 (Art Journal Christmas number), 1892.
Denney, C., Women, Portraiture and the Crisis of Identity in Victorian England: My Lady Scandalous Reconsidered, Farnham, 2009.
Dilke, E.F.S., The Book of the Spiritual Life … with a memoir of the author by the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles W. Dilke, London, 1905.
Downey & Downey 1890–94
Downey, W., and D. Downey, The Cabinet Portrait Gallery: Photographs by W. & D. Downey, 5 ser., London, 1890–94.
Fraser, H., ‘Dilke, Emilia Francis, Lady (1840–1904)’, ODNB, Oxford, 2004; online ed., January 2008.
Gwynn & Tuckwell 1917
Gwynn, S., and G.M. Tuckwell, The Life of the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles W. Dilke, 2 vols, London, 1917.
Israel, K., Names and Stories: Emilia Dilke and Victorian Culture, New York and Oxford, 1999.
Mackenzie & Mackenzie 1982–5
Mackenzie, N., and J. Mackenzie, eds, The Diary of Beatrice Webb, 4 vols, London, 1982–5.
Mills, J.S., Life and Letters of Sir Hubert Herkomer CVO, RA: A Study in Struggle and Success, London, 1923.
Nicholls, D., The Lost Prime Minister: A Life of Sir Charles Dilke, London, 1995.
NPG CIC 2004
Saywell, D., and J. Simon, National Portrait Gallery: Complete Illustrated Catalogue, NPG, London, 2004 (first edition 1981).
Pietsch, L., ‘Herkomer’ in series Kunstler-Mongraphien, ed. H. Knackfuss, Bielefeld and Leipzig, 1901.
Ribeiro, A., The Gallery of Fashion, London, 2000.
Trevelyan, R., A Pre-Raphaelite Circle, London, 1978.
Trevelyan, R., Wallington, National Trust, 1994.
Ward, M., A Writer’s Recollections, London, 1918.
Dr Jan Marsh