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Early Georgian Portraits Catalogue

John Manners, Marquess of Granby (1721-1770), Commander-in-Chief of the Army

A crayon drawing inscribed Le Marquis de Granby, peint a Konstantinople par Liotard, 1740 [1] and a miniature after Reynolds [2] are at Belvoir Castle, the Rutland family seat. Ramsay's portrait of the sitter at Audley End painted 'before he went into the Army' [3] for his friend John Dodd's gallery at Swallowfield, is signed and dated 1745. [4] Following his successes as commander of the British forces in Germany, portraits of Granby were in great demand and Reynolds remained the chief supplier until as late as 1786. In a letter dated 20 February that year to the 4th Duke of Rutland, he writes: 'I am now about Lord Granby with the horse and Swiss servant, which I think will be finished in a week's time, and if the reumatism will give me leave, for I am very stiff and awkward at present, I hope in about a fortnight after to finish the children'. [5] The miniature noted by Duleep Singh at Spixworth Park [6] and a whole length in Cincinnati probably derive from the Reynolds types. A portrait by Edward Penny showing the sitter giving alms, was exhibited at the Society of Artists, 1765 (96); [7] versions are in the Ashmolean Museum, given by the artist in 1787, the National Army Museum and at Petworth. Granby was painted by Morier c.1760 and appears in a group with George III and general officers by Quadal, 1772, both pictures in the Royal collection (Sir Oliver Millar, The Later Georgian Pictures in the collection of Her Majesty The Queen, 1969, 956, 995).
A bust was taken by B. Rackstrow, 1763, owner of a museum at 197 Fleet Street [8] and another, posthumous, by Ceracchi, is now at Belvoir. [9] Flaxman and Pingo exhibited waxes in 1768 and 1773 respectively. [10] A bust by Nollekens with a version at Belvoir and another, dated 1814, in the Royal collection, may represent the sitter. [11] James Williams exhibited ‘a painting in imitation of a print' at the Society of Artists, 1770 (268) and c.1785 Horace Walpole noted a large enamel by Humphry at the Queen's House (Buckingham Palace). [12] Granby's popularity is reflected in such pieces as the Bow porcelain statuettes, an example of which is in the Willett collection, Brighton. [13]

1) Lady Victoria Manners, 'New Light on Liotard', Connoisseur, XCI, 1933, p 295.
2) Ibid, p 303, fig.xi.
3) British Museum Add MS 6391, f.6.
4) R. J. B. Walker, Audley End: catalogue of the pictures in the state rooms, 1964, p 22 (6); ‘Allan Ramsay', RA, 1964 (7).
5) Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, ed. F. W. Hilles, 1929, pp 148-49.
6) Prince Frederick Duleep Singh, Portraits in Norfolk Houses, edited E. Farrer [1927], II, p 315 (52).
7) 'Notes by Horace Walpole ... on the Exhibitions of The Society of Artists and the Free Society of Artists, 1760-1791 ...', edited H. Gatty, Walpole Society, XXVII, 1939, p 74.
8) R. Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, 1953, p 314.
9) Ibid, p 90.
10) Exhibited Society of Artists, 1768 (148) and 1773; R. Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, 1953, p 305.
11) R. Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, 1953, p 278.
12) 'Horace Walpole's Journals of Visits to Country Seats & etc', edited P. Toynbee, Walpole Society, XVI, 1928, p 79.
13) Reproduced, Connoisseur, XLIV, 1916, p 184.


This extended catalogue entry is from the out-of-print National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Kerslake, Early Georgian Portraits, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1977, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.