The Gallery holds the most extensive collection of portraits in the world. Search over 215,000 works, 150,000 of which are illustrated from the 16th Century to the present day.

Advanced Collection search

Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax (1633-1695), Political philosopher

Statesman and pamphleteer; son of Sir William Savile, 3rd Bt., whom he succeeded 1644; travelled in Europe c.1647-52; MP 1660; commissioner for public accounts 1667-70 and for trade 1669-74; created Viscount 1668; ambassador extraordinary France and United Provinces 1672; FRS 1675; created Earl 1679; lord privy seal 1682-85 and 1689-90; created Marquess 1682; an instinctive antagonist of James II; in the Character of a Trimmer 1684 he wrote ‘in all constitutions that are bounded there will ever be some matter of strife and contention’, and in his famous Letter to a Dissenter 1687 he urged Protestants and Dissenters to remain united and temperate against the Roman church: ‘fair weather will succeed, as lowering as the sky now looketh’.

This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.