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20th Century Portraits Catalogue

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George (1863-1945), Prime Minister

Born in Chorlton upon Medlock, Manchester; he passed the Law Society final examinations with honours in 1884 and set up his own practice; Lloyd-George was elected Liberal MP for Carnarvon Boroughs in 1890 and held the seat for fifty-five years; the Liberals were confirmed in power in 1906 and Lloyd George became president of the Board of Trade; in 1908 he became Chancellor of the Exchequer, introducing old-age pensions and the National Insurance Act, a scheme against ill-health and unemployment; he became prime minister in 1916 and remained so until 1922; during the 1930’s he wrote two large volumes of reminiscence, his War Memoirs (1933-6) and The Truth about the Peace Treaties (1938); in 1940 he made his last speech in the House of Commons, which had devastating effects for Neville Chamberlain and helped to bring about the succession of Winston Churchill; his appearances in parliament after this became increasingly rare; he died of cancer in March 1945.