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Later Stuart Portraits Catalogue

John Locke (1632-1704), Philosopher

Philosopher; Christ Church, Oxford; BA 1656, MA 1658; tutor and praelector 1661-67; tutor to the family of Anthony Ashley Cooper (1st Earl of Shaftesbury 1672) at Exeter House, London, 1667-75; FRS 1668; in France 1675-79; following Shaftesbury’s arrest on a charge of treason, Locke retreated to Holland in 1683 (when Shaftesbury died there), losing his studentship at Christ Church in 1684; on the departure of James II in 1688 he returned to England, living at Oates [Otes] with Sir Francis Masham from 1691; published Two Treatises on Government 1689 (anonymously), the Essay concerning Humane Understanding 1690, and Some Thoughts concerning Education 1693.


This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.