Philosopher; Christ Church, Oxford; BA 1656, MA 1658; tutor and praelector 1661-67; tutor to the family of Anthony Ashley Cooper
(1st Earl of Shaftesbury 1672) at Exeter House, London, 1667-75; FRS 1668; in France 1675-79; following Shaftesbury’s arrest on a charge of treason, Locke retreated to Holland in 1683 (when Shaftesbury died there), losing his studentship at Christ Church in 1684; on the departure of James II
in 1688 he returned to England, living at Oates [Otes] with Sir Francis Masham from 1691; published Two Treatises on Government
1689 (anonymously), the Essay concerning Humane Understanding
1690, and Some Thoughts concerning Education
1693.This extended catalogue entry is from the National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue: John Ingamells,
National Portrait Gallery: Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, 2009, and is as published then. For the most up-to-date details on individual Collection works, we recommend reading the information provided in the Search the Collection results on this website in parallel with this text.