Born in Gillingham, Kent and trained at the Britannia
as a naval cadet from 1875; he rose up the ranks, spending time in the Mediterranean and East Indies squadron, and was promoted lieutenant in 1884; following this, he decided to specialise in torpedoes; in 1892, Madden began this part of his career as torpedo lieutenant of the Royal Sovereign; he took on various other roles and was promoted captain of the Vernon
in 1901; he became naval assistant to Captain H. B. Jackson
, third sea lord and controller, in 1905; he had been appointed fourth sea lord in 1910 and reached flag rank the following year; throughout the first world war, Madden was at sea continuously; he became John Rushworth Jellicoe
’s chief of staff and, in 1916, was appointed acting admiral; in 1919, he was created a baronet and put in command of the newly constituted Atlantic Fleet; Madden became first and principal naval aide-de-camp to the king and was promoted admiral of the fleet in 1924; he retired from the active list in 1930 and died in London in June, 1935.